Words Words Words

Links to many online dictionaries for many professions.


Many English lessons and English-Mongolian side-by-side PDF books


Learning English and Buddhism in Mongolia


Learning Medical English for doctors, nurses and dentists in Mongolia

Monday, January 28, 2013

NEWS: Mongolia in the News - Jan 27

The Independent (UK) Jan 27
Wanders never cease: The nomadic life of Mongolia's Kazakh eagle-hunters

Amid the harsh splendour of Mongolia's arid plains, nomadic eagle hunters still follow a traditional way of life that has defied history, geography and political change. The photographer Christo Geoghegan offers an insight into their lives... (continued)

The New York Times (USA) Jan 26
In Sumo’s Birthplace, a Drought of Champions
On the first day of the New Year Grand Sumo Tournament last Sunday, fans here were hopeful that 2013 might bring change: an end to the protracted losing streak by Japanese wrestlers. But the only reminders anyone needed of that unlikelihood were the giant portraits of the winners of the last 32 Japanese tournaments that were hanging at Ryogoku Kokugikan arena. Not one of the winners was Japanese. Four Mongolians, an Estonian and a Bulgarian account for those victories, dating to 2007. (continued)

Bloomberg (USA) Jan 25
Mongolia Cuts Rates for First Time Since 2009 to Support Growth

Mongolia’s central bank cut interest rates for the first time since 2009 after determining that the outlook for inflation is benign and deciding to “cautiously” ease policy, its chief economist said. The Bank of Mongolia reduced its policy rate to 12.5 percent from the previous 13.25 percent effective yesterday, according to a table on the monetary authority’s website and confirmed by chief economist Sandagdorj Bold. The central bank is confident it will be able to achieve its 8 percent inflation target for this year, Bold said in a telephone interview. (continued)

The Wall Street Journal (USA) Jan 24
Mongolia to Cancel China Coal-Supply Contract, Delay IPO

Mongolia's government is planning to cancel a $250 million coal-supply deal with Aluminum Corp. of China Ltd. that it deems to be undervalued, a move that may deepen distrust between the Mongolia and its neighbor. Meanwhile, the government is deferring an oft-postponed initial public offering for its state-owned Tavan Tolgoi coal project, a Mongolian government official said Thursday. (continued)

if.com.au (Australia) Jan 21
Buddhist Beats: on the road with Mongolian Bling

What do we know about Mongolia? It's cold. People are nomads and live in large, round tents called yurts. Also something about rare wild horses. And indeed, this is – more or less – how independent documentary Mongolian Bling starts: out on the steppe, with footage of a man on horseback lassoing another horse. But then we cut to a modern city – Ulaanbaatar – a wild contrast of grey, post-Soviet architecture interspersed with modern buildings and shops like anywhere else. Sure, a caption announces the outside temperature is minus 20-something Celsius, but the collection of young Mongolians we meet and get to know over the next 90 minutes only care about one thing: hip hop. (continued)

Herald Scotland (UK) Jan 21
Scottish Mission to Mongolia

SEVERAL Scottish businesses are embarking on a trade mission to Mongolia this week and will take part in celebrations surrounding the 50th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the country and the UK. (continued)

Friday, January 25, 2013

FYI: Why International Students Should Consider Community Colleges

Originally posted on US News and World Report on Oct 4, 2012

Two-year colleges can help students improve English skills, save money, and adapt to U.S. education.

American community colleges offer international students a cheaper entry point into their higher education pursuits via low tuition rates on freshman and sophomore level classes, often with the added bonus of an easier transition to U.S.-style academics, experts say. Students then transfer to four-year schools to complete their bachelor's degree.

For instance, the tuition and fees at Diablo Valley College in Northern California are nearly $6,000 for 24 credits (a one hour class that meets three times a week is 3 credits), while it costs more than $16,500 for the same number of credits at nearby San Jose State University. Based on two years of attending community college, the price difference and savings could be enough to pay for a student's junior year of tuition, fees, textbooks, and meals.

Using those saved funds, students have a variety of college choices to choose from for the latter two years. Washington's Green River Community College, for instance, will attract around 100 four-year schools from around the country for a college fair held in November, including Johns Hopkins University, Ohio State University, and Arizona State University, says Ross Jennings, Green River's associate vice president of international programs.

Nineteen four-year universities offer guaranteed admission to Green River Community College students, as long they meet requirements such as grade point averages ranging from 2.0 to 3.5 and complete a specified number of credits, Jennings says. Similarly, Diablo Valley College has guaranteed admissions agreements with most University of California schools, according to Gloria Zarabozo, international students admission and services director.

According to Jennings, top universities recruit international students from community colleges because of their proven academic performance in college-level courses, English speaking and comprehension skills, and knowledge of how American school systems work.

Jennings estimates that 90 percent of international students he recruits are attending Green River Community College to ultimately transfer to a more prestigious university, as defined by the students.

Community colleges generally offer English language classes to prepare students to take traditional college-level English composition, Zarabozo says. Tutoring services also help community college students build language skills, she notes.

Darina Pogodina, a Russian student at Boston's Bunker Hill Community College, has benefited from such programs. Although she already has a bachelor's degree from her home country, she's at Bunker Hill to improve her English skills, in addition to earning an associate degree and completing prerequisites for a master's program in the United States. She says her Bunker Hill professors "speak slower and are helping her feel comfortable with a U.S.-style education."

Since colleges vary in support for international students, it's a good idea for students to contact international services or admissions departments by phone or E-mail during the application process to ask about services offered, Jennings says. Students need to get a feel for how easy it is to communicate with college staff based on their current language skills, he says.

Choosing courses is also a crucial part of adjusting to U.S. college life. International students often do not get to select individual classes while in high school, Jennings notes, and may stick with the same group of students throughout high school.

When students have course options, majors may change as well as school choice for completing their bachelor's degree. Community colleges allow for a period of adjustment to American schools before incurring four-year school tuition rates.

Ultimately, Jennings notes, students need to look at all of their options and consider what's best for themselves academically and for their family financially.

Word List:
  • rate: a fixed amount of money that is charged or paid for something
  • latter: being the second of two things, people or groups that have just been mentioned, or the last in a list
  • prestigious: respected and admired as very important or of very high quality
  • prerequisite: something that must exist or happen (for example: completed certain classes) before something else can happen or be done
  • crucial: extremely important, because it will affect other things
  • to incur: if you incur costs, you have to pay them
Pronunciation Practice:
= freshman
= sophomore
= latter
= guarantee
= recruit
= comprehension
= knowledge
= prestigious
= prerequisite
= crucial
= incur

Monday, January 21, 2013

NEWS: Mongolia in the News - Jan 20

Mining.com (Canada) Jan 20
Mongolia stops coking coal exports to China in pricing scrap

Mysteel reports Ya Batsuuri, CEO of Mongolian coking coal miner Tavan Tolgoi, said last week the state-owned company had suspended all coal exports to China starting on January 11. The bulk of China's coking coal imports from Mongolia are from Tavan Tolgoi – mined since the 60s – in the South Gobi desert which is the world’s largest high-quality coking coal used in steelmaking. (continued)

iAfrica.com (South Africa) Jan 18
Media brings glitz to Mongolia

Every time a new Mongolian-language edition of Cosmopolitan magazine is released, Tselmeg Erdenkhuu sits down with a friend to explore a monthly dose of Hollywood gossip, glitzy fashion and scintillating sex. "They talk about sex a lot in this magazine, like what position is healthy or how to make men go crazy," said the 28-year-old businesswoman, a single mother. The titillating revelations are just part of a US media invasion of the once remote country, which has ridden a globalization wave since shaking off communism two decades ago. (continued)

Refining and Petrochemicals News (UK) Jan 17
Toyo Engineering and partners to build first oil refinery in Mongolia

Japan-based Toyo Engineering and other unnamed local companies will be building Mongolia’s first oil refinery by 2015 at a cost of $600m. The country's first refinery to be constructed in the Darkhan city, in Darkhan-Uul Province is expected to have a capacity to process two million metric tons of oil per year. Mongolia is undertaking the project with the intention to reduce the country's dependency on Russian imports for gasoline and other oil products, reported Bloomberg. (continued)

Business Standard (India) Jan 17
India wants to further trade ties with Mongolia

India and Mongolia should build on trade ties and historical legacy for mutual benefits, President Pranab Mukherjee has said. During a meeting with Mongolian Foreign Minister Lu Bold here yesterday, the President noted cooperation between Mongolia and India in the United Nations and other international fora. Mukherjee referred to the ancient civilisational ties that link India and Mongolia as also shared democratic values, a Rashtrapatati Bhavan press release said. He recalled that over the centuries, our people have had close ties in trade and close intellectual discourse.
"President stressed that both nations should build on this historical legacy for their mutual benefit," it said. (continued)

Ulan Bator's business district in the distance contrasts with a traditional community in the foreground.
The Wall Street Journal (USA) Jan 14
Mongolia Confronts Modern Malaise
Country Faces Pollution, Traffic and Other Ills As It Reaps Riches From Mining - ULAN BATOR, Mongolia—The world's coldest capital is seeing the downside of its country's rush from nomadism to modernity. The air in Ulan Bator is choked with smoke from fires that now-settled nomads burn in their homes to stay warm in minus 30-degree Fahrenheit weather. Traffic is so bad from all the new car owners, it's faster to bundle up and brave a 10-minute walk than to drive short distances. A sparsely populated nation of herders, Mongolia has gone from post-Soviet basket case to one of the world's fastest growing economies, thanks to a mining boom. Money has flooded in to exploit deposits of coal and copper, mainly to sell to China, the biggest consumer of natural resources, which sits conveniently next door. (continued)

Friday, January 18, 2013

TEDx: Image is Powerful

TEDxMid-Atlantic 2012 - Cameron Russell

Published on Dec 6, 2012
Cameron Russell has spent the last decade posing as a supermodel. Occasionally she writes about grassroots public art and political power, and experiments with making art for the internet and the street. She is the director of The Big Bad Lab which creates participatory art and media platforms dedicated to including people in radical demonstrations of positive social change.


Hi, my name is Cameron Russell and for the last little while I've been a model, actually for 10 years.

And I feel like there is an uncomfortable tension in the room right now, because I should not have worn this dress. (Laughter) So, luckily I brought an outfit change. This is the first outfit change on a TED stage, so you guys are pretty lucky to witness it, think.

If some of the women were really horrified when I came out, you don't have to tell me now, but I will find out later on Twitter. (Laughter)

I'd also note that I am quite privileged to be able to transform what you think of me in a very brief 10 seconds. Not everybody gets to do that.

These heels are very uncomfortable, so good thing I wasn't gonna wear them. The worst part is putting this sweater over my head because that's when you'll all laugh at me so -- don't do anything while it's over my head.

All right. So, why did I do that? That was awkward. (Laughter)

Well -- (Laughter) -- hopefully not as akward as that picture.

Image is powerful. But also image is superficial. I just totally transformed what you thought of me in six seconds, and in this picture I had actually never had a boyfriend in real life. I was totally uncomfortable and the photographer was telling me to arch my back and put my hand in that guy's hair.

And of course barring surgery, or the fake tan that I got two days ago for work, there is very little that we can do to transform how we look. And how we look, though it is superficial and immutable has a huge impact on our lives.

So today, for me, being fearless means being honest, and I am on this stage because I am a model. I am on this stage because I am a pretty white women. In my industry we call that a sexy girl.

And I am gonna answer the questions that people always ask me but with an honest twist. So the first question is, "How do you become a model?"

And I always say, "Oh, I was scouted," but that means nothing. The real way that I became a model is I won a genetic lottery and I'm the recipient of a legacy.

And maybe you're wondering, "What is a legacy?" Well, for the past two centuries we have defined beauty not just as health and youth and symmetry that we're biologically programmed to admire, but also as tall slender figures and femininity and white skin. And this is a legacy that was built for me and it's a legacy that I've been cashing out on.

And I know there are pople in the audience who are skeptical at this point, and maybe there are some fashionistas who are like, "Wait -- Naomi, Tyra, Joan Smalls, Liu Wen," and first I commend you on your model knowledge, very impressive. (Laughter)

But unfortunately I have to inform you that in 2007 a very inspired NYU PhD student counted all the models on the runway, every single one who was hired, and of the 677 models that were hired, only 27 or less than 4% were non-white.

The next question people always ask me is, "Can I be a model when I grow up?" And first answer is, "I don't know, they don't put me in charge of that."

But the second answer and what I really want to say to these little girls is, "Why? You know, you can be anything. You could be the President of the United States, or the inventor of the next Internet, or a ninja cardio-thoracic surgeon poet, which would be awesome because you'd be the first one." (Laughter)

If after this amazing list they're still like, "No, no, Cameron, I want to be a model", then I say, "Be my boss", because I'm not in charge of anything, and you could be the editor-in-chief of American Vogue or the CEO of H&M or the next Steven Meisel.

Saying that you want to be a model when you grow up is a akin to saying that you want to win the Powerball when you grow up. It's, you know, out of your control, and it's awesome and it's not a career path.

I will demonstrate for you now ten years of accumulated model knowledge, because unlike cardio-thoracic surgeons it can just be distilled right into it right now.

So, if the photographer is right there and the light is right there like a nice HMI and the client says, "Cameron, we want a walking shot." Well then this leg goes first, nice and long, this arm goes back, this arm goes forth, the head is at three quarters and you just go back and forth. Just do that. And then you look back at your imaginary friends (Laughter) three hundred, four hundred, five hundred times.

It will look something like this -- (Laughter) -- hopefully less awkward than that one on the middle, that was -- I don't know what happened there. (Laughter)

Unfortunately, after you've gone to school and you have a resume and you've done a few jobs you can't say anything anymore, so -- if you say you want to be the President of the United States, but your resume reads "Underwear model 10 years" people give you a funny look.

The next question people always ask me is, "Do they retouch all the photos?" and yeah, they pretty much retouch all the photos, but that is only a small component of what's happening.

This picture is the very first picture that I ever took and is also the very first time that I had worn a bikini, and I didn't even have my period yet, I know we are getting personal, but, you know, I was a young girl.

This is what I looked like with my grandma just a few months earlier. Here's me on the same day as the shoot -- my friend got to come with me -- Here is me at a slumber party a few days before I shot French Vogue. Here's me on the soccer team and in V Magazine. And here is me today.

And I hope what you are seeing is that these pictures are not pictures of me, they are constructions, and they are constructions by professionals, by hair stylists, and make up artists and photographers and stylists and all of their assistants, and pre-production, and post-production, and they built this.

That's not me.

OK, so the next question people always ask me is, "Do you get free stuff?" (Laughter) I do have too many eight inch heels which I never get to wear, except for earlier, but the free stuff that I get is the free stuff that I get in real life and that is what we don't like to talk about.

I grew up in Cambridge and one time I went out to a store and I forgot my money and they gave me the dress for free. When I was a teenager I was driving with my friend, who was an awful driver, and she ran a red and of course we got pulled over, and all it took was a "Sorry, officer" and we were on our way.

And I got these free things because of how I look, not who I am, and there are people paying a cost for how they look and not who they are.

I live in New York, and last year of the 140.000 teenagers that were stopped and frisked, 86% of them were black and Latino and most of them were young man. And there are only 177.000 young black and latino man in New York, so for them it's not a question of "Will I get stopped?" but "How many times will I get stopped? When will I get stopped?"

When I was researching this talk I found out that of the 13 year old girls in the United States 53% don't like their bodies. And that number goes to 78% by the time they are 17.

So the last question people ask me is, you know, "What is it like to be a model?" and I think the answer that they're looking for is if you are a little bit skinnier and you have shinier hair you will be so happy and fabulous.

And when we are backstage we give an answer that maybe makes it seem like that, we say "It's really amazing to travel" and "It's amazing to get to work with creative inspired passionate people," and those things are true, but they're only one half of the story, because the thing that we never say on camera, that I have never said on camera is "I am insecure."

And I am insecure because I have to think about what I look like everyday, and if you ever are wondering, you know, "If I have thinner thighs and shinier hair, will I be happier?" you just need to meet group of models, because they have the thinnest thighs and the shinniest hair and the coolest clothes and they are the most physically insecure women probably on the planet.

So when I was writing this talk I found it very difficult to strike an honest balance, because on the one hand I felt very uncomfortable to come here and say, look I received all these benefits from a deck stacked in my favor.

And also I felt really uncomfortable to follow that up with "And it doesn't always make me happy". But mostly it was difficult to unpack a legacy of gender and racial oppression when I'm one of the biggest beneficiaries.

But I am also happy and honoured to be up here and I think that it's great I got to come, you know, before ten or twenty or thirty years had passed and I had more agency on my career, because maybe then I wouldn't tell the story of how I got my first job, or maybe I wouldn't tell the story of how I paid for college, which seems so important right now.

If there is a take away to this talk, I hope is that we all feel more comfortable acknowledging the power of image in our perceived successes and our perceived failures.

Thank you.

Monday, January 14, 2013

NEWS: Mongolia in the News - Jan 14

The Wall Street Journal (USA) Jan 8
Japan, Mongolia Sign Emissions-Reduction Pact
Japan is making progress in its plan to bypass protracted United Nations-sponsored efforts to limit carbon emissions, signing its first bilateral carbon offset mechanism Tuesday. According to the agreement Japan signed with Mongolia in Ulan Bator, the mechanism is intended to complement the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change, which last convened in Doha, Qatar, in December. (continued)

Anita Rich founded Nurses Heart to Heart, a nonprofit organization that teaches CPR and other nursing skills to people in developing countries. Rich shows off a blue robe, a wrestler’s hat and other items that she brought back from trips to Mongolia.
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (USA) Jan 11
Nurse spreads knowledge across the globe

Some people use their vacation time to relax on the beach or see the sights at exotic locales. Cardiology nurse Anita Rich travels all over the world sharing her skills and serving others. “I love adventure and I’ll go anywhere. I was an Army brat growing up,” said Rich, the discharge advocate for heart failure patients at Emory Johns Creek Hospital. “The heirloom I’ll be passing on to my family will be my passport with all its extra visa pages.” But not before she’s finished with it. Next spring, Rich, BSN, RN, PCCN, will be making a third trip to Mongolia to educate nurses and bring hope to remote villages there. She’ll be traveling with other volunteer nurses and disassembled mannequins in her suitcase. (continued)

KFC coming to Ulaanbaatar
Gadling.com (USA) Jan 13
Fried Chicken In Ulan Bator: KFC To Open In Mongolia

Would you like home-style biscuits or mashed potatoes to go with your yurt? No country is out of reach for global food brands these days, and this week it's Mongolia. In partnership with Ulan Bator-based Tavan Bogd Group, Yum! Brands is opening up four KFC outlets in Mongolia this year. (continued)

Friday, January 11, 2013

FYI: Plan Your Free Online Education: Spring Semester 2013

Originally posted on Lifehacker.com on Jan 9, 2013
by Alan Henry
Your education doesn't have to stop once you leave school—freedom from the classroom just means you have more control over what you learn and when you learn it. We've put together a curriculum of some of the best free online classes available on the web this spring for our fourth term of Lifehacker U, our regularly-updating guide to improving your life with free, online college-level classes. Let's get started.

Orientation: What Is Lifehacker U?
There's still a chill in the air, but it's not too soon to pick out your classes for when the weather starts to warm again and the trees start to grow leaves again. Bundle up if you go out, but if you stay in with your computer, there are an incredible amount of free, university-level courses that become available on the web every school year, and anyone with a little time and a passion for self-growth can audit, read, and "enroll" in these courses for their own personal benefit. Schools like Yale University, MIT, Stanford, the University of California at Berkeley, and many more are all offering free online classes that you can audit and participate in from the comfort of your office chair, couch, or computing chair-of-choice.

Because we're all about helping you improve your life at Lifehacker, we put together a list of courses available this spring that will inspire you, challenge you, open the door to something new, and give you the tools to improve your life. Grab your pen and paper and make sure your battery is charged—class is in session!

Computer Science and Technology

University of Washington - Introduction to Computer Networks
MIT - Introduction to C++
Udacity - Programming Languages
University of California, Berkeley: Foundations of Computer Graphics
Carnegie Mellon University - Principles of Computing
Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology - Android Development
MIT - Information and Entropy

Finance and Economics

University of California, Irvine - Fundamentals of Personal Financial Planning
Missouri State University - Personal Finance (iTunes U)
The Open University - You and Your Money: Personal Finance in Context
Liberty University - Financial Coaching (iTunes U)
University of Florida - Economic Issues, Food, and You
The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania - Corporate Finance

Science and Medicine

Udacity - Introduction to Physics
The Open University - The Fundamental Forces of the Universe (iTunes U)
The University of Edinburgh - Astrobiology and the Search for Extraterrestrial Life
Yale University: Frontiers of Biomedical Engineering
Duke University - Introduction to Human Physiology
Yale University: Global Problems of Population Growth


University of California, Irvine - Algebra
The Ohio State University - Calculus One
TED - Statistics: Visualizing Data (iTunes U)
The Open University/BBC - The Code (Mathematics in the real world)

Social Sciences, Classics, and Humanities

Wesleyan University - The Modern and the Postmodern
Harvard: Human Health and Global Environmental Change
The University of Pennsylvania - Health Policy and The Affordable Care Act
Harvard University: The Ancient Greek Hero
MIT - Consumer Culture


Harvard University: Copyright
Harvard University - Justice
The Open University - Justice, Vengeance, and Forgiveness (iTunes U)
Liberty University - Computer and Cyber Forensics (iTunes U)

Cross-Disciplinary Courses and Seminars

Udacity - HTML5 Game Development
University of Michigan - Fantasy & Science Fiction: The Human Mind, Our Modern World
University of Virginia - Know Thyself
MIT - Introduction to Videogame Studies
The University of London - The Camera Never Lies

Extra Credit: How To Find Your Own Online Classes

The cirriculum at Lifehacker U is rich and deep, but it may not reflect all of your areas of interests or expertise. If you're looking for more or more varied course material, here are some resources to help you find great, university-level online classes that you can take from the comfort of your desk, at any time of day.
  • Academic Earth curates an amazing list of video seminars and classes from some of the world's smartest minds, innovators, and leaders on a variety of topics including science, mathematics, politics, public policy, art, history, and more.
  • TED talks are well known for being thought provoking, interesting, intelligent, and in many cases, inspiring and informative. We've featured TED talks at Lifehacker before, and if you're looking for seminars on the web worth watching, TED is worth perusing.
  • edX is a collection of free courses from leading Universities like the University of California, Berkeley, MIT, and Harvard. There aren't many, but the ones offered are free, open to the public, and they rotate often.
  • Coursera has a broad selection of courses in-session or beginning shortly that you can take for academic credit (if you're enrolled) or just a certificate of completion that shows you've learned a new skill. Topics range from science and technology to social science and humanities, and they're all free.
  • Udacity offers a slimmer selection of courses, but the ones offered are not only often for-credit, but they're instructor led and geared towards specific goals, with skilled and talented instructors walking you through everything from building a startup to programming a robotic car.
  • The Saylor Foundation offers a wide array of courses and entire course programs on topics from economics to political science and professional development. Interested in a crash course in mechanical engineering? The Saylor Foundation can help you with that.
  • Education-Portal.com has a list has a list of universities offering free and for-credit online classes to students and the public at large.
  • Open Culture's list of free online courses is broken down by subject matter and includes classes available on YouTube, iTunes U, and direct from the University or School's website.
  • The Open Courseware Consortium is a collection of colleges and universities that have all agreed to use a similar platform to offer seminars and full classes—complete with notes, memos, examinations, and other documentation free on the web. They also maintain a great list of member schools around the world, so you can visit universities anywhere in the world and take the online classes they make available.
  • The Khan Academy offers free YouTube-based video classes in math, science, technology, the humanities, and test preparation and study skills. If you're looking to augment your education or just take a couple video classes in your spare time, it's a great place to start and has a lot of interesting topics to offer.
  • The University of Reddit is a crowd-built set of classes and seminars by Reddit users who have expertise to share. Topics range from computer science and programming to paleontology, narrative poetry, and Latin. Individuals interested in teaching classes regularly post to the University of Reddit subthread to gauge interest in future couses and announce when new modules are available.
  • The Lifehacker Night School is our own set of tutorials and classes that help you out with deep and intricate subjects like becoming a better photographer, building your own computer, or getting to know your network, among others.
The beautiful thing about taking classes online is that you can pick and choose the classes you want to attend, skip lectures and come back to them later (only in some cases - some of these classes require your regular attendance and participation!), and do examinations and quizzes on your own time. You can load up with as many classes as you choose, or take a light course load and come back to some of the classes you meant to take at another time that's more convenient for you.

Monday, January 7, 2013

NEWS: Mongolia in the News - Jan 7

Falls Church News-Press (New Zealand) Jan 3
Archaeologist Todd Surovell to Speak on Photo Research in Mongolia

Archaeologist Todd Surovell, interim director of the Frison Institute of Anthropology at the University of Wyoming, will give a presentation on his ethnoarchaeological project Saturday at the James Lee Community Center. (continued)

NZWeek.com (New Zealand) Jan 4
Mongolia names 2013 as environmental education year

Mongolia designated 2013 as the environmental education year to promote public awareness of environmental protection. Instead of treating pollution afterwards, it was crucial to enhance people’s awareness of environmental protection, Environment Minister Sanjaasuren Oyun told reporters on Friday. (continued)

Friday, January 4, 2013

FYI: 10 Phrases for Business English

Originally posted on the BusyTeacher.org

10 Phrases for Business English

a heads up:
A warning or notice: “I just wanted to give you a heads up that the meeting time has been changed from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.” The phrase has its origins in soldiers hiding behind a hill or in dugouts from the enemy, cautiously raising their heads to survey the terrain.

in the dumps:
depressed, used for both people and money: “The markets have been in the dumps for the past week.”

to take in a nose dive:
To fall sharply, as in a swimmer taking a high and head-first dive into a pool. “The markets took a nose dive today.”

the scuttlebutt:
Gossip or rumor in an office situation. A scuttlebutt was the cask around which sailors would gather to drink fresh water during the day and trade information, the equivalent of today’s water cooler in an office setting.

a pink slip:
The notice, traditionally pink, given to an employee and serving as notice that his or her job is in danger of being eliminated.

a positive spin:
To interpret a story or fact in a specific manner. “The boss tried to put a positive on Mary’s leaving, but it is very disheartening.” This expression comes from spinning, the art of weaving threads together to create cloth.

to downsize:
To shrink, become smaller. Individuals “downsize” or move to smaller homes, usually after children are grown. Companies downsize when they lay off employees and sell holdings, due to financial losses.

on the job market:
To be actively looking for work. Job seekers are seen as a “market” from which potential employers choose, and an individual looking for a job becomes part of this market.

in the black:
To be profitable, taking in more money than spent. From accounting, where traditionally positive income is shown in black ink.

in the red:
To be losing money, spending more than taking in. Again from accounting, where expenditures are shown in red ink. Also used in expressions like “There was red ink all over the books” or “The books were flowing in red ink,” to show the financial crisis in a company.