Words Words Words

Links to many online dictionaries for many professions.


Many English lessons and English-Mongolian side-by-side PDF books


Learning English and Buddhism in Mongolia


Learning Medical English for doctors, nurses and dentists in Mongolia

Sunday, April 22, 2012

FYI: OpenCulture.com - Free Textbooks

Art History
  • A Textbook of the History of Painting by John Charles Van Dyke, Rutgers
  • Biology Pages, John W. Kimball, Harvard University
  • Botany Online: The Internet Hypertextbook by multiple scholars.
  • Cells: Molecules and Mechanisms. Published by the Axolotl Academic Publishing Co.
  • CK-12 Biology I (Grades 9-12) edited by Douglas Wilkin, Chair, Dept of Science, Los Angeles Unified School District
  • CK-12 Life Science (Grades 9-12) edited by Douglas Wilkin, Chair, Dept of Science, Los Angeles Unified School District
  • Rediscovering Biology by multiple authors, UMass Amherst, University of Missouri-St. Louis, Portland Community College
Business and Management
  • Business Communication for Success by Scott McLean, Arizona Western College
  • Business Ethics by Jose A. Cruz-Cruz, William Frey, University of Puerto Rico – Mayaguez
  • Core Concepts of Marketing by John Burnett
  • Electronic Commerce by Multiple authors, University of Georgia, Bentley College, and Simon Fraser University
  • eMarketing: The Essential Guide to Online Marketing by Rob Stokes, UCT
  • Exploring Business by Karen Collins, Lehigh University
  • Financial Accounting by Joe Ben Hoyle, C. J. Skender, UNC at Chapel Hill and University of Richmond
  • Information Technology for Management by Henry Lucas, NYU
  • Launch! Advertising and Promotion in Real Time by Michael Solomon, Lisa Duke Cornell and Amit Nizan, University of Florida, St. Joseph’s University.
  • Organizational Behavior by Talya Bauer and Berrin Erdogan, Portland State University
  • Principles of Management by Mason Carpenter, Talya Bauer, and Berrin Erdogan, University of Wisconsin & Portland State University
  • Principles of Marketing by Jeff Tanner and Mary Anne Raymond, Baylor University and Clemson
  • Project Management from Simple to Complex by Russell Darnall and John M. Preston, Eastern Michigan University
  • The Power of Selling by Kimberly Richmond, Private sector
  • Chemistry, Grades 10-12, Created by the FHSST Project (Free High School Science Texts)
  • Chemistry Virtual Textbooks by Stephen Lower, Simon Fraser University
  • CK-12 Chemistry (Grades 9-12) by multiple authors. Covers high school chemistry curriculum in California.
  • Concept Development Studies in Chemistry by John S. Hutchinson, Rice University
  • Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry. Presented by Michigan State.
Computer Science and Information Systems
  • A First Course in Electrical and Computer Engineering by Louis Scharf, Colorado State
  • Artificial Intelligence: Foundations of Computational Agents by David Poole and Alan Mackworth, University of British Columbia
  • Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering I by Don Johnson, Rice University
  • High Performance Computing by Charles Severance, University of Michigan
  • How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: C ++ ( PDF or HMTL) by Allen B. Downey, Olin College
  • How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Java by Allen B. Downey, Olin College
  • How to Think Like a Computer Scientist: Python by Allen B. Downey, Olin College
  • Information Systems: A Manager’s Guide to Harnessing Technology by John Gallaugher, Boston College
  • Information Technology and the Networked Economy by Patrick McKeown, University of Georgia
  • Information Technology for Management by Henry Lucas, NYU
  • Introduction to Physical Electronics by William Wilson, Rice University
  • Programming Languages: Application and Interpretation by Dr. Shriram Krishnamurthi, Brown University.
  • Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis by Fernando C. N. Pereira and Stuart M. Shieber, U Penn & Harvard
  • Python for Informatics: Exploring Information by Charles Severance, University of Michigan
  • Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs by Jerry Sussman, Julie Sussman
Earth Science
  • CK-12 Earth Science (Grades 6-9) by multiple authors. Covers California curriculum.
  • Earth Systems, an Earth Science Course (Grades 9-10). Published by Curriki. Covers California curriculum.
  • Introduction to Physical Oceanography by Dr. Robert Stewart, Texas A&M University
Economics & Finance
  • International Economics: Theory and Policy by Steve Suranovic, George Washington University
  • International Finance: Theory and Policy by Steve Suranovic, George Washington University
  • International Trade: Theory and Policy by Steve Suranovic, George Washington University
  • Introduction to Economic Analysis by R. Preston McAfee & Tracy R. Lewis, Caltech & Duke
  • Money and Banking by Robert E. Wright and Vincenzo Quadrini, NYU Business School
  • Quantum MicroEconomics by Yoram Bauman, University of Washington
  • Principles of Economics by Libby Rittenberg and Timothy Tregarthen, Colorado College
  • Principles of Macroeconomics by Libby Rittenberg and Timothy Tregarthen, Colorado College
  • Principles of Microeconomics by Libby Rittenberg and Timothy Tregarthen, Colorado College
  • College Success by Bruce Beiderwell, Linda F. Tse, Tom Lochhaas, Nicholas B. deKanter, UCLA
  • Educational Psychology by Kevin Seifert and Rosemary Sutton, University of Manitoba and Cleveland State
  • Engineering: An Introduction for High School (9-12) by multiple authors
  • Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering I by Don Johnson, Rice University
  • US History Learner English (ESL) by The Learner English Series
  • U.S. History since 1877 by James Ross-Nazzal, Houston Community College
  • My Korean 1 and 2 by Young-A Cho, In-Jung Cho, Monash University (Australia)
  • How Language Works: The Cognitive Science of Linguistics by Mike Gasser, Indiana University
  • Abstract Algebra: The Basic Graduate Year by Robert B. Ash, University of Illinois
  • Abstract Algebra: Theory and Applications by Thomas W. Judson, Stephen F. Austin State University
  • Advanced Calculus by Sternberg Shlomo and Lynn Loomis, Harvard University
  • Algebra 1 (Grades 9 & 10) by Andrew and Anne Gloag, High Tech High in San Diego, California
  • Algebra and Analysis for Computer Science by Jean Gallier, University of Pennsylvania.
  • Applied Probability by Paul Pfeiffer, Rice University
  • Basic Analysis by Jiří Lebl, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Basic Concepts of Mathematics by Elias Zakon, The University of Windsor
  • Basic Probability Theory by by Robert B. Ash, University of Illinois
  • Basic Probability and Statistics by Brenda Meery, high school mathematics teacher in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia
  • Book of Proof by Dr. Richard Hammack, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Calculus (PDF) by David Guichard, Whitman College.
  • Calculus (PDF) by Gilbert Strang, MIT
  • Calculus 1 by Paul Dawkins, Lamar University
  • Calculus 2 by Paul Dawkins, Lamar University
  • Calculus 3 by Paul Dawkins, Lamar University
  • CK-12 Geometry (Grades 10-12) by multiple authors. Covers California curriculum.
  • CK-12 Single Variable Calculus (Grades 11-12) by Multiple authors. Covers California curriculum.
  • CK-12 Trigonometry – Second Edition (Grades 10-12) by multiple authors. Covers California curriculum.
  • Collaborative Statistics by Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D and Susan Dean, De Anza College
  • College Algebra by Paul Dawkins, Lamar University
  • Complex Analysis by George Cain, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Complex Variables by Robert B. Ash, University of Illinois
  • A Computational Introduction to Number Theory and Algebra by Victor Shoup, NYU
  • A Course In Algebraic Number Theory by Robert B. Ash, University of Illinois
  • A Course In Commutative Algebra by Robert B. Ash, University of Illinois
  • Design of Comparative Experiments by R. A. Bailey, University of London
  • Difference Equations to Differential Equations: An Introduction to Calculus by Dan Sloughter, Furman University
  • Differential Equations by Paul Dawkins, Lamar University
  • Dynamical Systems by S. Sternberg, Harvard University
  • Electronic Statistics Textbook by T. Hill & P. Lewicki.
  • Elementary Abstract Algebra by W. Edwin Clark, University of Southern Florida
  • Elementary Calculus: An Infinitesimal Approach (PDF) by H. Jerome Keisler, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Elementary Linear Algebra by Keith Matthews, University of Queensland
  • Elementary Number Theory by W. Edwin Clark, University of Southern Florida
  • Elements of Abstract and Linear Algebra by Edwin H. Connell, University of Miami
  • First Course in Complex Analysis by Matthias Beck, Gerald Marchesi, and Dennis Pixton, SUNY – Binghamton
  • First Course in Linear Algebra by Dr. Robert Beezer, University of Puget Sound
  • GeneratingFunctionology by Herbert Wilf, University of Pennsylvania
  • Introduction to Matrix Algebra by Autar K Kaw, University of South Florida
  • Introduction to Probability (PDF) by Charles Grinstead & J. Laurie Snell, Swarthmore & Dartmouth Colleges
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods by Robert A. Hanneman and Mark Riddle, UC Riverside
  • Introduction to Statistical Thought by Michael Lavine, UMASS
  • Introduction to the Theory of Numbers by Leo Moser, McGill
  • Introductory Statistics: Concepts, Models, and Applications by David W. Stockburger, Missouri State
  • Lectures on Probability, Statistics and Econometrics by Marco Taboga, Economist, Bank of Italy
  • Lectures on Statistics by Robert B. Ash, University of Illinois
  • Linear Algebra (PDF) by Jim Hefferon, Saint Michael’s College
  • Linear Algebra by Paul Dawkins, Lamar University
  • Math Alive by Ingrid Daubechies, Princeton University
  • Math in Society by David Lipmann, Pierce College
  • Mathematical Methods of Engineering Analysis (PDF) by Erhan Çinlar and Robert J. Vanderbei, Princeton University
  • Multivariable Calculus by George Cain & James Herod, Georgia Tech
  • Proofs and Concepts: The Fundamentals of Abstract Mathematics by Dave Witte Morris and Joy Morris, University of Lethbridge
  • Real Variables with Basic Metric Space Topology by Robert B. Ash, University of Illinois
  • Statistics by Philip B. Stark, University of California – UC Berkeley
  • A Summary of Calculus by Karl Heinz Dovermann, University of Hawaii
  • The Book “A=B” by Marko Petkovsek, Herbert Wilf and Doron Zeilberger, Univ. of Pennsylvania and Rutgers
  • The Calculus of Functions of Several Variables by Dan Sloughter, Furman University
  • Yet Another Calculus Text by Dan Sloughter, Furman University
  • Scale and Arpeggio Resources: A Guitar Encyclopedia by Rich Cochrane (Find alternate version here)
  • Sound Reasoning (Introductory Music course) by Anthony Brandt, Rice University
  • Understanding Basic Music Theory, Edited by Catherine Schmidt-Jones
  • forall x: An Introduction to Formal Logic by PD Magnus, University at Albany, State University of New York
  • Age of Einstein, by Frank W. K. Firk, Yale University.
  • Calculus-Based Physics by Jeffrey W. Schnick, Saint Anselm College
  • Classical Electrodynamics by Bo Thidé, Uppsala School of Engineering
  • Conceptual Physics by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton College
  • Conservation Laws by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton College
  • Essential Physics 1, Frank W.K. Firk, Yale University
  • Fields by Warren Siegel, SUNY
  • General Relativity by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton College
  • Introduction to Groups, Invariants & Particles, by Frank W. K. Firk, Yale University
  • Introduction to String Field Theory by Warren Siegel, SUNY
  • Mountain Motion (or on Scribd) by Dr. Christoph Schiller PhD, trained at Université Libre de Bruxelles
  • Optics by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton College
  • Programming Languages: Application and Interpretation by Dr. Shriram Krishnamurthi, Brown University
  • Simple Nature: An Introduction to Physics for Engineering and Physical Science Students by Ben Crowell, Fullerton College
  • Superspace: One Thousand and One Lessons in Supersymmetry by Warren Siegel. Jim Gates, Marc Grisaru, and Martin Rocek, SUNY, McGill, University of Maryland
  • The Light and Matter Series (Six texts) by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton College
  • Vibrations and Waves by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton College
  • The Modern Revolution in Physics by Benjamin Crowell, Fullerton College
  • The People’s Physics Book by James H. Dann, UC Santa Cruz
  • 21st Century Physics Flexbook: A Compilation of Contemporary and Emerging Technologies, by the Secretaries of Education and Technology and the Department of Education in the state of Virginia
Political Science
  • Thinking About Politics: American Government in Associational Perspective by Paul F. deLespinasse, Adrian College
  • Educational Psychology by Kevin Seifert and Rosemary Sutton, University of Manitoba and Cleveland State

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

MV: Maid in Manhattan - 2002

Marisa Ventura is a single mother born and bred in the boroughs of New York City, who works as a maid in a first-class Manhattan hotel. By a twist of fate and mistaken identity, Marisa meets Christopher Marshall, a handsome heir to a political dynasty, who believes that she is a guest at the hotel. Fate steps in and throws the unlikely pair together for one night. When Marisa's true identity is revealed, the two find that they are worlds apart, even though the distance separating them is just a subway ride between Manhattan and the Bronx.

Word List:

Careful of the puddle.
  • puddle = a small pool of water, especially after rain
Oh, my God. Wait a minute. He's one of mine, the lactose intolerant.
  • lactose intolerant = not able to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and dairy products.
Yeah. Can l get a robe to the Charles Suite ASAP? Thank you.
  • ASAP = As Soon As Possible
Somebody else is gonna be busting my ass on the 2nd.
  • busting my ass” = [slang] making me work harder
Friday morning, people! Lots to do. Heads up.
  • heads up.” = “pay attention, someone is coming”
He's back on the wagon, so let's clear out the minibar.
  • on the wagon” = someone with a drinking problem to quit drinking alcohol
He's gearing up his campaign...so his suite will be doubling as a conference center...with the liquor and coffee bars turning over every four hours.
  • to gear up = to prepare yourself, or to prepare something for an activity or event
  • suite = multiple rooms, with more space and furniture, and will include a living or sitting room, and possibly a kitchen or office.
  • doubling as = to have another use or job as something
  • to turn over = returned to its starting condition (refill the bars with liquor & coffee)
Careful, ladies, he's a full Monty.
  • full Monty” = completely naked
No big deal.
  • big deal” = important
'Who called off his engagement to uber babe Daniella Van Graas......arrives in town solo.'
  • to call off = to cancel
  • uber babe” = Combining ‘uber’ (German = over/above) and ‘babe’ ([slang] beautiful woman), this describes a girl who’s ultra hot, extremely beautiful
  • solo = alone
See, this is when l wish your old man were here to back me up.
  • your old man” = [slang] your father
  • to back someone up = to give support to someone by telling other people that you agree with them
Eric will be furious.
  • furious = angry
Could l ask you an enormous favor?
  • enormous = very big
He'll have a ball.
  • to have a ball = to have fun, have a good time
If that slips out again, tuck it in for me.
  • to tuck in = to put the end of something such as a piece of clothing under or behind another piece in order to make it neat
Now he has this thing about speaking in public. He's all freaked out.
  • to be freaked out = become so angry, surprised, excited, or frightened that cannot do something
l've never met a 10-year-old Nixon aficionado.
  • aficionado = someone who is very interested in something and knows a lot about it
It's a big benefit that Maddox throws every year.
  • benefit = an event organized in order to make money for a person or a charity
  • to throw = to organize a party
For two years, you've yapped about getting out of uniform...
  • to yap = [slang] if a person yaps, they talk a lot, usually about nothing important
What about a cameo on Saturday Night Live?
  • cameo = a brief appearance
It must really burn you that l think l have the right to go out with him.
  • burn you” = “make you angry”
Thanks very much. We have to wrap this up.
  • to wrap something up = to begin to finish up something

Past Movie word lists can be found
at Movie Vocabulary link at the top of the page

Sunday, April 15, 2012

NEWS: Genghis Khan sculpture unveiled London

Originally posted on BBC:News - London April, 14, 2012

The 16ft tall bronze statue
will be at Marble Arch
until September
A bronze sculpture of Mongolian warrior Genghis Khan has been unveiled at Marble Arch in central London.

The 16ft tall (5m) statue captures the legendary leader wearing Mongolian armour on his steed.

The sculpture by artist Dashi Namdakov will stand next to Cumberland Gate until early September.

The artist, who had an interest in the nomadic tribes of Mongolia, wanted to honour the warrior on the 850th anniversary of his birth.

He said: "If I wanted to show him as a warrior I would have shown him as a warrior, but he is a thinker in this case. He is a divine figure in my country."

Namdakov was born in a Siberian village and brought up in the Buryat Buddhist culture.

'Essence of nomadism'

His village was close to the area which was historically controlled by nomadic Mongol tribes and which led to his interest in Buryat and Mongol cultures.

Westminster Council selected the statue as part of its ongoing City of Sculpture festival, which was launched in 2010.

The festival aims to install works of art across the borough in the run-up to the Diamond Jubilee and the Olympic and Paralympic Games in the capital.

Halcyon Gallery said the sculpture was specially commissioned for Marble Arch.

The artwork captures the intricate details of the medieval Mongolian armour and dress, including the golden plaques on the livery and the plaited hair.

The decision to depict the warrior on his horse embodies "the very essence of nomadism and brings the culture of the ancient Mongols directly to the public", the gallery said.

The sculpture's unveiling comes ahead of an exhibition by the artist in the gallery in Mayfair next month.

Word list:
  • to unveil: to remove the cover from something such as a statue as part of an official ceremony
  • to capture: to express what someone or something is really like in a way that people can clearly recognize
  • divine: god-like
  • to launch: to start a major activity
  • intricate: very detailed in design or structure
  • livery: a special old-fashioned type of uniform
  • plaited: to braid hair, rope, wool, etc.
  • to depict: to describe someone or something using words or pictures
  • to embody: to be the best possible example of a particular idea, quality, or principle, especially a good one

Thursday, April 12, 2012

FYI: Spain: The Language of Fans

Originally post on LaDanza.com

Since we are learning about Spain this week in English Club, this "language of the fan" looked interesting and thought we would share with you.

When 19th century Spanish ladies went dancing, they were always accompanied by their mothers or another adult lady, called "the Chaperona" (Shah-peh-roh-nah), to watch her behavior. They were very zealous so, the young girls invented a way to communicate with the boys without being noticed by them. They used their fans in different ways to convey their messages. It is said that:
  • Carrying it closed and hanging from her left hand: I want to have a boyfriend
  • Carrying it closed and hanging from her right hand : I'm engaged
  • Fanning very rapidly: I have doubts about you
  • Closing it very fast: Talk with my father
  • Resting it closed over her heart: I love you dearly
  • Resting it closed over her forehead: I am ignoring you
  • Putting away the fan closed: I'm not going out today
  • Taking it out of her purse: I'll be out today
  • Resting it open over her lips: Don't doubt about me
  • Resting it open over her heart: I want to get married
  • Giving the fan to the boyfriend: My heart belongs only to you
  • Taking the fan from her boyfriend: I don't want anything else from you
  • Covering part of her face with the open fan: We have finished
  • Dropping down the fan: I'm suffering, but I love you.
  • Hitting her left hand with the fan: I like you
  • Looking outside: I'm considering if it is good for me
  • Hitting her right hand with the fan: I hate you
  • Hitting her dress with the fan: I'm jealous
  • Resting it closed on her left cheek: I'm all yours
  • Resting it closed on her right cheek: Be careful, my family is watching
  • Doing as if she is counting the fan's blades: I want to talk with you
  • Playing with the fan: I'm in a hurry.
  • Having it open, hanging upside down: Without your love, I prefer to die

Country: SPAIN

Countries Around the World: SPAIN

Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization (Spain joined the EU in 1986) gave Spain a dynamic and rapidly growing economy and made it a global champion of freedom and human rights. The government's major focus for the immediate future will be on measures to reverse the severe economic recession that started in mid-2008.

Word List:
  • to yield: to give something to someone else
  • to embrace: to completely accept something such as a new belief, idea, or way of life
  • neutral: a country that is neutral does not get involved in a war between other countries
  • dictator: someone who uses force to take and keep power in a country
  • rapid: fast
  • champion: someone who publicly supports or defends a set of beliefs, political goals, or a group of people
  • recession: a period when trade and industry are not successful and there is a lot of unemployment

Country Information:
  • location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean; bordered by Andorra, France, Gibraltar and Portugal
  • capital: Madrid
  • official language: Castilian Spanish
  • type of government: parliamentary monarchy
  • total area: approximately 504,782 sq km
  • climate: temperate; clear, hot summers and cold winters in the interior; more moderate and cloudy along coast; partly cloudy and cool along coast
  • terrain: large, flat plateau surrounded by rugged hills with the Pyrenees in the North
  • natural resources: includes coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower and arable land
  • industries: includes textiles, apparel, food and beverages, metals and metal manufacturing, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment
  • agricultural products: includes grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus, beef, pork, poultry, dairy products and fish
  • flamenco — A vigorous and rhythmic dance style, which is commonly associated with the Andalusia region of Spain. It also refers to a style of guitar music that often accompanies flamenco dancing.
  • Andalusia — A region of southern Spain.
  • fútbol — Spanish for “soccer.”
  • Middle Ages — Also known as the medieval period, the time period that stretched roughly from the fifth to the 15th century. The term was coined to describe the era between the time of ancient Rome and the Renaissance.
  • Castilian Spanish — A dialect that serves as the basis of modern, standard Spanish.
  • Basque — A language primarily spoken in the Guipúzcoa,Vizcaya, and Álava provinces of Spain.
  • Catalan — A Romance language, related to Spanish, that is spoken in Catalonia in eastern Spain.
  • Galicien — Also “Galician.”A Romance language, similar to Portuguese, that is spoken in Spain.
  • Cervantes — Full name: Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. (1547–1616) A Spanish author who is most famous for his novel, Don Quixote.
  • Iberian Peninsula — A peninsula of southwest Europe that is comprised of Spain and Portugal.
  • European Union (EU) — A family of democratic European countries that are committed to working together for peace and prosperity. Spain is a member of the European Union.
  • euro — The currency of Spain and several other member nations of the European Union.
  • secular — Something not specifically relating to religion.
  • tapas — Any of various small, savory Spanish dishes, often served as a snack or with other tapas as a meal.
  • los gatos — Spanish for “the cats.”A slang term used to describe people in Spain who like to stay out late.

Friday, April 6, 2012

MV: Step Up 3 - 2010

A tight-knit group of New York City street dancers, including Luke and Natalie, team up with NYU freshman Moose, and find themselves pitted against the world's best hip hop dancers in a high-stakes showdown that will change their lives forever.

Word List:
We've become kind of a pseudo family here
  • pseudo: not real, but pretending to be real: used with many nouns and adjectives
This guy right here, he's the captain of the ship. More like the first mate.
  • first mate: second in command on a ship (the captain is the first)
If they don't get the money they're going to put the Vault up for public auction.
  • auction: a public occasion when things are sold to the people who offer the most money for them
You don't understand. Nobody ever smoked Kid Darkness and got it on tape.
  • smoked”: [slang] defeated
Our fiercest rival.
  • rival: opposing competitor
And she would not stop yammering about her pet rat's blog.
  • to yammer: [slang] talking, mostly talking too much without anything important to say
OK, Moose, don't get too attached, you gotta earn your kicks in this house.
  • kicks: [slang] shoes
Yeah, I dabble.
  • to dabble: to be involved in an activity for a short time in a way that is not very serious
Yo, hold up. Cut the music.
  • cut the music”: end/stop the music
The whole house was devastated, so we had to kick him out.
  • devastated: feeling very shocked and upset
You're not putting him out on the streets over some stupid rivalry.
  • out on the streets”: homeless
  • rivalry: a situation in which people, teams, businesses, etc. compete with one another
Dance can reveal a lot about a person,
  • to reveal: to show
The warehouse sits on prime property.
  • prime: best quality, important, first
I'll see if I can suspend the foreclosure.
  • to suspend: to officially stop something for a short time
  • foreclosure: to take someone’s property because they failed to pay back the money that they borrowed to buy it
That's not gonna happen cos it's not for sale.
  • cos”: [slang] because
Can you guys push off, please?
  • push off”: [slang] to leave
So you've been lying to me and ditching me for some secret life?
  • to ditch someone: to get rid of someone or something because you no longer like or need them
But the World Jam is just around the corner.
  • just around the corner” = soon

Past Movie word lists can be found
at Movie Vocabulary link at the top of the page

Thursday, April 5, 2012

Countries: Germany

Countries Around the World: Germany

As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the Communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring Eastern productivity and wages up to Western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro.

Word List:
  • to immerse: spend most of your time doing it or thinking about it
  • devastating: causing a lot of harm or damage
  • advent: the introduction of a new product, idea, custom, etc.
  • considerable: large in size, amount, or degree

Country Information
  • location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea; bordered by Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland and Switzerland
  • capital: Berlin
  • official language: German
  • type of government: federal republic
  • total area: approximately 357,021 sq km
  • climate: temperate and marine with cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers
  • terrain: lowlands in the North, uplands in the center and the Bavarian Alps in the South
  • major bodies of water: Rhine River, Elbe River, Danube River, Havel River, Spree River, Baltic Sea and North Sea
  • natural resources: includes coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber and arable land
  • industries: includes iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding and textiles
  • agricultural products: includes potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages, cattle, pigs and poultry
  • European Union (EU) — A family of democratic European countries that are committed to working together for peace and prosperity. Germany is a part of the European Union.
  • euro — The currency of Germany and of several member nations of the European Union.
  • theory of relativity — A famous scientific theory, developed by Albert Einstein, often expressed mathematically as E=mc2.
  • Nazi — A member of a political group, led by Adolf Hitler, that persecuted and killed six million European Jews.
  • Reichstag — The name of the German parliament and the building in which they work.
  • Communist — A member or advocate of a political and economic system called Communism, in which private property is abolished and all goods are owned jointly.
  • currywurst — A dish of pork sausage that is cut into small pieces and seasoned with ketchup and curry powder.
  • curry — “curry powder,” a seasoning prepared from cumin, coriander, turmeric and other spices.
  • harpsichord — A musical instrument that resembles a piano.
  • zither — A musical instrument that is composed of a flat sound box with strings stretched over it, which is played horizontally with the fingertips or a plectrum.
  • Reformation — Protestant Reformation, a religious movement started by Martin Luther in the early 16th century that sought to change what many Christians thought to be injustices and corruption in the Christian Church.