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Links to many online dictionaries for many professions.

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Learning Medical English for doctors, nurses and dentists in Mongolia

Tuesday, November 29, 2011

MUSIC: We Found Love



Rihanna - "We Found Love" (feat. Calvin Harris)

[Narration:]
It's like you're screaming, and no one can hear
You almost feel ashamed
That someone could be that important
That without them, you feel like nothing
No one will ever understand how much it hurts
You feel hopeless; like nothing can save you
And when it's over, and it's gone
You almost wish that you could have all that bad stuff back
So that you could have the good

Yellow diamonds in the light
Now we’re standing side by side
As your shadow crosses mine
What it takes to come alive

It’s the way I’m feeling I just can’t deny
But I’ve gotta let it go

We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place

Shine a light through an open door
Love a life I will divide
Turn away 'cause I need you more
Feel the heartbeat in my mind

It’s the way I’m feeling I just can’t deny
But I’ve gotta let it go

We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place

Yellow diamonds in the light
Now we’re standing side by side
As your shadow crosses mine

We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place

We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place
We found love in a hopeless place


Rihanna Fenty was born in the Caribbean island nation of Barbados in 1988. She was discovered by producer Evan Rogers (known for work with Christina Aguilera, *NSYNC, Jessica Simpson, and others) when he and his Barbadian wife Jackie were visiting the island for Christmas 2003. Her obvious talent impressed Def Jam Records CEO Jay-Z enough for the label to sign her to a 6 album contract at the young age of 16.

Friday, November 25, 2011

NEWS: In hard times, Americans still thankful

By Emanuella Grinberg, originally posted on CNN.com Nov 24, 2011

Clockwise from left: Linda Moses' family, Jannet Walsh, 
Egberto Willies, Ethel Marie Chadwick, Pelon Mercer.

(CNN) -- This Thanksgiving holiday, Linda Moses is thankful just to be alive.

The 54-year-old Texas woman was in a car crash in August with her son, his pregnant wife and a family friend. They were on their first family vacation together in the coastal area of Rockport when a texting driver veered into their lane and hit her son's Chevy Tahoe head-on.

Everyone survived, including the driver of the other car. But their struggles were far from over.

Moses lost her job when she was unable to immediately return to work while recovering from a cracked sternum and ribs. Her son, Ryan, lost part of his right leg, ending his dream of entering the National Guard, a few weeks before he would have started basic training. His wife, Courtney, went into labor in September, almost four months early.

It's been rough, Moses said, but amid the trauma, brights spots are starting to emerge. Her son received a prosthetic leg Wednesday and he starts physical therapy next week. Little Kaileigh, Moses' first grandchild, has grown from 1 pound 10 ounces to 3 pounds 8 ounces in two months. Her parents held her for the first time last week and posed for a picture that Moses submitted to CNN iReport.

"Just the fact we're all alive and that we survived despite the accident is a blessing," she said. "And to have Kaileigh -- they didn't give her much of a chance to live, and now she's 2 months old. We have a lot to be thankful for."

Despite a year of economic, political and social turmoil, many Americans didn't have to dig hard to find something they were grateful for on this most thankful day of the year. Among the submissions to CNN iReport's "what are you thankful for?" assignment, common themes emerged: gratitude for family, pride in being American and relief at having a job.

Jean Lindsay is especially thankful for the opportunity to be able to work from her home in Geneseo, New York.

"As an older worker, trying to get to work outside my home is stressful in extreme heat or cold of winter; costs additional time and money to drive to another location; and is hazardous in negotiating snow and ice in winter," the 70-year-old iReporter said.

Luckily, she was able to find a job as a customer service representative, working from the comfort of a desk in her dining room. She works about 25 hours a week without paid vacation time or benefits. But at her age, it's better than nothing, she said.

"I am truly grateful for companies that have a work from home component and I have seen first hand how it has benefited not only so many workers with disabilities, etc. but has benefited the company as well in garnering really dedicated workers."

Not everyone's as lucky as Lindsay. But with unemployment rates hovering around 9% since the summer, Jannet Walsh is grateful just to be receiving unemployment insurance.

The 47-year-old photojournalist was laid off in September from her job with a newspaper in Minnesota. She had worked there for 11 months after moving from Florida to care for her mother, who died in October.

This will be her first Thanksgiving without her mother or father, but at least she'll be spending it with family, she said.

It's hard to stay positive with each rejection letter that comes in, she said. To keep her mind occupied, she edits video she shot on a trip to Ireland this year.

"That's the best medicine for times like these, to be as creative as possible," she said. "I'm ready, willing and able to go back to work. I'm also very hopeful I'll find an even better job than I was laid off from."

As bad as the political and economic landscape in this country might seem, iReporter Egberto Willies said there's nowhere else he'd rather be.

"I am thankful to be in America and all those in America should be, too," said Willies, a naturalized citizen who moved to Texas from Panama in 1979 to attend the University of Texas-Austin. "Everyone in America has the ability to make a difference. I have the ability to make a difference."

Many iReporters were grateful for the support of family through layoffs, illness and financial hardship. But the small things on a day-to-day basis went a long way, too.

"During this holiday season, I am thankful that I am loved and that I have an opportunity to give love," said Ethel Marie Chadwick, a part-time office administrator and radio show host from Scottsville, New York.

"I thank God that I have three wonderful adult children who are kind, compassionate and affectionate, and also for my loving husband who warms me up when I am cold, who rubs my back when I can't sleep, who cheers me up when I am sad and encourages me when I feel discouraged," Chadwick said.

Moses said she isn't sure she would have made it through the past few months since the car crash without her son and daughter-in-law. And she's not sure how they've done it, either. She credits her son's positive attitude with keeping the family hopeful.

"We've been through so much. But if we can still find the blessings, I hope we'll inspire others to get through the hard times."

Word List:
  • coastal = on land beside a sea
  • to veer = to suddenly move in a different direction
  • head-on = if two vehicles crash head-on, the front of one vehicle hits the front of the other
  • to struggle = to try hard to do something that you find very difficult
  • cracked = a line or long narrow hole appears on its surface, but it does not break into pieces
  • sternum = the flat bone in the middle of your chest. Also called the 'breastbone.'
  • basic training = the initial indoctrination and instruction given to new military personnel,
  • amid = if something happens amid particular feelings or events, it happens while people have these feelings or while these events are happening
  • rough = difficult
  • to emerge = to stop being involved in a difficult situation or period of time
  • prosthetic = used for replacing a missing body part
  • turmoil = a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
  • to negotiate = to successfully travel on a road or path that is difficult to travel on or travel through
  • to garner = to collect or obtain a large amount of something useful or important
  • hovering = to be at or near a particular level without changing muc
  • to be laid off = someone’s employment is ended, especially temporarily, because there is not enough work for them
  • rejection letter = a refusal to accept someone for a job or course of study
  • naturalized = officially become a citizen of a country in which they were not born
  • to inspire = to give someone the enthusiasm to do or create something
  • hard times = difficult times

Monday, November 21, 2011

NEWS: Why Doctors And Patients Talk Around Our Growing Waistlines

Originally posted on NPR, November 14, 2011
Many doctors and patients
aren't discussing the health consequences of weight.

RENEE MONTAGNE, host: This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Renee Montagne.

STEVE INSKEEP: And I'm Steve Inskeep.

Today in Your Health, we continue our series Living Large. Many patients who are overweight say their doctors don't spend enough time, if any, talking with them about losing weight. Doctors often complain that when they do talk with patients about this, nothing changes. And the end result is frustrated patients along with frustrated doctors. Here's NPR's Patti Neighmond.

PATTI NEIGHMOND: You could say the frustration's playing itself out right here in the small town of Milford, Delaware - Dr. Domingo Aviado's scale. It's the first stop for all his patients.

DR. DOMINGO AVIADO: One-forty-six. Is that where you wanted it to be or is that...

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Not really.

(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)

NEIGHMOND: And most of Aviado's patients are overweight or obese, like 47-year-old Lisa Flowers.

LISA FLOWERS: You know, I used to call myself voluptuous. I'm so past the point of voluptuous now.

NEIGHMOND: At five foot seven and nearly 300 pounds, Flowers is obese. And most of that weight was gained over the past five years since having a child and moving to Milford, where she's been under Dr. Aviado's care. And here's where the story gets complicated. Flowers says Aviado never discusses her weight.

FLOWERS: You're weighed every single time you go to his office, but he doesn't ever talk about it. So you're kind of like, all right, so why did we go through that if we're not going to talk about it?

AVIADO: I have talked to her in the past. I was actually going to pull up her chart so I can refresh my memory.

NEIGHMOND: But when Dr. Aviado looks at Flowers' chart, he doesn't find any record of discussions about weight loss.

AVIADO: I'm trying to find the visit you're asking about. And I'm sure - I know I've - just refreshing my memory - I know I've talked to her about weight and different strategies to lose weight, but sometimes I don't document those because the insurance companies don't pay for those visits if it's just about weight.

NEIGHMOND: Flowers' body mass index is noted. And Aviado says he is concerned about the medical consequences of her weight.

AVIADO: She's at high risk of heart disease. She's at risk for developing diabetes and osteoarthritis of her knees and hips.

NEIGHMOND: All problems, Flowers says, he hasn't discussed with her.

FLOWERS: It's kind of just been beating around the bush kind of thing. Like I will say, you know, I'm really concerned about the amount of weight I've gained here. You know, my back hurts, my knees hurt. You know, is there anything that I can do? And it's kind of avoided. You know, it's almost as if he's uncomfortable.

NEIGHMOND: Dr. Aviado says he's not uncomfortable. And he says on some visits, Flowers just didn't want to be weighed.

AVIADO: If someone refuses, I take that as a signal they're not ready to talk about their weight.

NEIGHMOND: Flowers says it's not true. She never refused to be weighed.

Clearly, Dr. Aviado and Lisa Flowers see things differently. But this much is obvious. Discussion has not been direct. According to researchers, this type of disconnect is going on all across the country. Yale University psychologist Rebecca Puhl says just one-third of doctors surveyed say they talk with patients about losing weight. That means two-thirds don't.

DR. REBECCA PUHL: And when we consider that two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese, these numbers need to be a lot higher. And we're seeing that even among patients who are obese, they report that they're not receiving any kind of weight loss advice or counseling from physicians.

NEIGHMOND: So in a country with a rampant obesity epidemic, many doctors just aren't talking to patients about the health consequences.

CYNTHIA FERRIER: I do not think it's fair to blame the doctor if a person has not lost weight.

NEIGHMOND: At the Greenfield Health Clinic in Portland, Oregon, internist Cynthia Ferrier spends lots of time talking with her patients about their weight. And she says most are pretty savvy. They know that high fat, high-carb diets aren't healthy.

FERRIER: It's as unreasonable to say I didn't quit smoking because my doctor didn't tell me to as it is to say I didn't lose weight because my doctor didn't tell me to. Everybody knows that you shouldn't smoke. And everybody knows you should be at a healthy weight. It's not a mystery.

NEIGHMOND: Ferrier says there are a number of reasons why doctors don't talk with patients about weight. With an average of eight minutes per office visit, many just don't have time. And until recently, they weren't reimbursed for weight counseling, only for treating conditions - like diabetes and high blood pressure - that result from being overweight.

And because doctors aren't taught about obesity in medical school, many feel unprepared to bring up the sensitive topic. And with good reason, says Ferrier.

FERRIER: I have had patients tell me that they have cancelled appointments with me because they have not been able to lose enough weight. So I do have to be careful about how strongly I word weight loss recommendations so it doesn't scare them off and make them say, well, I'm never going back to see her again.

NEIGHMOND: One study found overweight and obese women felt stigmatized by their doctors and often stopped going in for routine care.

MARCIA NOYES: I avoided the doctor at all cost.

NEIGHMOND: Fifty-one-year-old Marcia Noyes.

NOYES: It was very shameful, you know, gowns don't fit. You just feel like you're looked down upon by everybody, from the nurse to everyone in the doctor's office.

NEIGHMOND: Noyes was the overweight child, the overweight teen, the overweight adult - who felt constantly judged by others and viewed as fat and lazy.

NOYES: Every birthday that I ever had with the cake and the candles, I wished to be thin - for 50 years. That was my wish.

NEIGHMOND: And when Noyes decided to try to lose weight for good, she didn't get the help she wanted from her doctor.

NOYES: I said to my general practitioner, I want to lose 80 pounds in eight months and I want to qualify for the Boston Marathon. Do you think it's possible? And he kind of looked at me and gave me an offhanded, yeah, well, it's possible but not likely that you can do that. But you know, give it your best shot.

NEIGHMOND: Not the motivation she hoped for, says Noyes, who eventually turned to a friend - a marathon runner - who offered the support she needed.

(SOUNDBITE OF RUNNING FOOTSTEPS)

NOYES: My god, I'm running 26 miles now. I'm running a 10K every day.

Noyes did lose 80 pounds in eight months. Now she's training for her second marathon. And when she went back to see her doctor, he was obviously stunned.

He couldn't believe that someone my age could make that much change in their body. I think he's used to people choosing gastric bypass when they're as overweight as I was and I simply did it by eating right and exercising every day.

NEIGHMOND: Eating right and exercising every day is, of course, the key to curbing obesity, but doctors need to be in the loop. One way, says Dr. Cynthia Ferrier: be honest and direct with patients about health risks.

FERRIER: How likely it is that something will happen soon. Like if I have seen their blood sugar go up every year and now it's to the near diabetic range, I can tell them in very clear terms how likely it is they will be diabetic and complications of that, and if that doesn't motivate them, there's not much more I can say.

NEIGHMOND: This approach worked for Ferrier's patient Linda Teufel, who was dangerously overweight at nearly 300 pounds.

LINDA TEUFEL: Dr. Ferrier telling me I was going to be diabetic if I didn't do something right away, that was my motivation. And she wasn't threatening, she was very kind about it, but it scared the daylights out of me.

NEIGHMOND: Teufel quickly lost 20 pounds.

TEUFEL: Immediately my blood sugar came down, almost immediately.

NEIGHMOND: Teufel went on a strict diet and eventually lost 100 pounds. She credits Dr. Ferrier's direct and diplomatic discussion for her success. It was just the prescription she needed. Many say it's the prescription that's essential if the country is to make a dent in this dangerous obesity epidemic. Patti Neighmond NPR News.


Word List:
  • frustrated = feeling annoyed and impatient because you are prevented from achieving something
  • obese = too fat, in a way that is dangerous for your health
  • voluptuous = a voluptuous woman has a large curved body and is sexually attractive
  • strategy = a plan or method for achieving something, especially over a long period of time
  • body mass index = a weight-to-height ratio, calculated by dividing one's weight in kilograms by the square of one's height in meters and used as an indicator of obesity and underweight
  • osteoarthritis = a serious medical condition that affects the parts of your body where your bones join each other, for example your knees, making it difficult for you to move
  • to beat around the bush = to spend a long time getting to the main point of what you are saying, especially because it is embarrassing
  • savvy = knowing a lot about something and able to make good judgments about it
  • to bring up = to introduce into discussion; mention
  • to look down upon = to think that you are better or more important than someone else, or to think that something is not good enough for you
  • offhanded = unfriendly in the way you treat someone
  • to give it your best shot = to do something as well as you possibly can, although you are not sure whether you will be able to succeed
  • to be stunned = very shocked or upset, especially so that you are unable to act normally
  • to curb = to control or limit something that is harmful
  • range = all the numbers, ages, measurements, etc. that are included within particular fixed limits
  • to scare the daylights out of someone = to frighten someone very much
  • strict = completely following the rules of a particular belief

Wednesday, November 16, 2011

NEWS: Mongolia bids to keep city cool with 'ice shield' experiment

by Jonathan Watts
originally posted by The Guardian, 15 Nov 2011

Geoengineering trial aims to 'store' winter temperatures in a giant block of ice that will cool and water Ulan Bator in summer

Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia. Scientists hope the 'ice shield'
will reduce demands on energy and regulate water during summer.

Mongolia is to launch one of the world's biggest ice-making experiments later this month in an attempt to combat the adverse affects of global warming and the urban heat island effect.

The geoengineering trial, that is being funded by the Ulan Bator government, aims to "store" freezing winter temperatures in a giant block of ice that will help to cool and water the city as it slowly melts during the summer.

The scientists behind the 1bn tugrik (£460,000) project hope the process will reduce energy demand from air conditioners and regulate drinking water and irrigation supplies. If successful, the model could be applied to other cities in the far north.

The project aims to artificially create "naleds" - ultra-thick slabs of ice that occur naturally in far northern climes when rivers or springs push through cracks in the surface to seep outwards during the day and then add an extra layer of ice during the night. Unlike regular ice formation on lakes - which only gets to a metre in thickness before it insulates the water below - naleds continue expanding for as long as there is enough water pressure to penetrate the surface. Many are more than seven metres thick, which means they melt much later than regular ice.

A Mongolian engineering firm ECOS & EMI will try to recreate this process by drilling bore holes into the ice that has started to form on the Tuul river. The water will be discharged across the surface, where it will freeze. This process - effectively adding layers of ice rinks - will be repeated at regular intervals throughout the winter.

The qualities of naleds (also known as Aufeis, German for "ice on top") have been known for hundreds of years. The North Korean military used them to build river crossings for tanks during the winter and Russia has used them as drilling platforms. But engineers usually see them in negative terms as a threat to railways and bridges.


The Anglo-Mongolian company believe their proposed use in Ulan Bator could set a positive example that allows northern cities around the world to save on summer air conditioning costs, regulate drinking supplies, and create cool microclimates.

"Everyone is panicking about melting glaciers and icecaps, but nobody has yet found a cheap, environmentally friendly alternative," said Robin Grayson, a Mongolian-based geologist. "If you know how to manipulate them, naled ice shields can repair permafrost and building cool parks in cities." He said the process will work in cities where the summer is intolerably hot and winters have at least a couple of months with temperatures of -5C to -20C.


Word List:
  • trial = the process of testing a product, plan, or person over a period of time
  • to launch = to start a major activity such as a military attack, a public investigation, or a new career or project
  • to combat = to do something in order to try to stop something bad from happening or a bad situation from becoming worse
  • adverse = negative, unpleasant, or harmful
  • slab = a large flat piece of a hard material such as stone or wood
  • to seep = to flow into or out of something through small holes, usually when this should not happen
  • borehole = a very deep narrow hole in the ground made in order to get water or oil
  • interval = a period of time between two events
  • intolerably = impossible to bear or deal with

Tuesday, November 15, 2011

MUSIC: Lights


Ellie Goulding - "Lights"

I had a way then losing it all on my own
I had a heart then but the queen has been overthrown
And I'm not sleeping now the dark is too hard to beat
And I'm not keeping now the strength I need to push me

You show the lights that stop me turn to stone
You shine it when I'm alone
And so I tell myself that I'll be strong
And dreaming when they're gone

'Cause they're calling, calling, calling me home
Calling, calling, calling home
You show the lights that stop me turn to stone
You shine it when I'm alone

Home

Noises, I play within my head
Touch my own skin and hope that I'm still breathing
And I think back to when my brother and my sister slept
In an unlocked place the only time I feel safe

You show the lights that stop me turn to stone
You shine it when I'm alone
And so I tell myself that I'll be strong
And dreaming when they're gone

'Cause they're calling, calling, calling me home
Calling, calling, calling home
You show the lights that stop me turn to stone
You shine it when I'm alone

Home

Yeah, hee

Light, lights, lights, lights
Light, lights, lights, lights
Light, lights, lights, lights
Light, lights

You show the lights that stop me turn to stone
You shine it when I'm alone
And so I tell myself that I'll be strong
And dreaming when they're gone

'Cause they're calling, calling, calling me home
Calling, calling, calling home
You show the lights that stop me turn to stone
You shine it when I'm alone

Home, home
Light, lights, lights, lights
Light, lights, lights, lights

Home, home
Light, lights, lights, lights
Light, lights, lights, lights

Home, home
Light, lights, lights, lights
Light, lights, lights, lights

Home, home
Light, lights, lights, lights
Light, lights, lights, lights


Ellie Goulding (born Elena Jane Goulding on 30 December 1986) is an English singer-songwriter. Born in Hereford, she grew up in Kington, Herefordshire and currently lives in London, England.

Monday, November 14, 2011

NEWS: UK air pollution 'puts lives at risk'

By Richard Black, originally posted on BBC 13 November 2011

The EU-permitted number of high-pollution days
for 2011 was exceeded in April

The government's failure to meet EU standards on air pollution is "putting the health of UK residents at risk", says the Environmental Audit Committee.

Bad air quality costs the nation £8.5-20bn per year via poor health, it says, and can cut life expectancy by years.

Continued failure to meet EU standards could result in swingeing fines.

The committee says ministers' "apparent tactic" to avoid fines is to ask the European Commission for repeated extensions rather than curb pollution.

The government's latest request to the commission - to delay having to meet standards on nitrogen dioxide (NO2) until 2015 - is being taken to judicial review by environmental lawyers ClientEarth.

By some measures, the UK has been in breach of EU rules since 2005, the committee's report notes.

It last reported on air pollution 18 months ago, and says that since then, there is "no meaningful evidence" to suggest progress towards meeting standards.

Yet evidence on the health impacts, it says, has become clearer.

Nationally, the government accepts that air pollution takes seven or eight months off Britons' life expectancy. But for the 200,000 people most directly affected, the shortfall is two years.

"It is a national scandal that thousands of people are still dying from air pollution in the UK in 2011 - and the government is taking no responsibility for this," said committee chair Joan Walley MP.

"It is often the poorest people in our cities who live near the busiest roads and breath in diesel fumes, dangerous chemicals and bits of tyre every day."

Recent UK research indicated that tyres and brakes are a significant source of airborne particles, in addition to vehicle exhausts.

'Not taken seriously'

On particulates, the UK is improving. Six years ago, eight places in the country exceeded EU standards.

Now, only London does; but the London picture is startling. EU regulations allow legal limits to be exceeded for 35 days per year. This year, the quota was reached in April.

A more problematic area is nitrogen dioxide. Currently, 40 out of 43 "assessment zones" across the country exceed the EU standard.

The government's own projections, released in June, indicate that 17 will still be in breach in 2015, with Greater London taking even longer to clean up, despite the avowed intention of everyone connected with the Olympics to make them the "greenest games ever".

Government plans for curbing NO2 pollution include financial incentives for switching haulage from road to rail, research on how retailers could deliver goods outside peak times, and differential pricing for vehicles emitting lower levels of pollutants.

And the London administration of Mayor Boris Johnson has set age limits for black cabs, invested in cycling, and implemented the London Low Emission Zone.

The Environmental Audit Committee says that even so, the air pollution issue is just not taken seriously in government.

"There are no air quality actions for Defra or the Department for Transport in their departmental business plans," it says, and few government departments "appear to understand the importance of the issue".

A spokeswoman for the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said the government was working towards full compliance with EU standards, and that significant progress had been made.

"We are investing significant sums of money to facilitate further reductions in pollution around transport, including over £1bn to promote the uptake of ultra low emission vehicle technologies and to support local transport authorities to deliver sustainable transport measures," she said.

"We welcome the committee's continued interest in this work, and we will fully consider their recommendations before providing a written response in due course."

Local zero

The government's response to the committee' previous report was rooted in the localism principle, with responsibility being devolved downwards to local authorities.

The committee warns that this could mean EU fines being passed down to local authorities as well.

"Under the banner of its localism agenda, the government is dumping the problem on local authorities who simply do not have the resources to tackle what is a national problem," said Alan Andrews, air quality lawyer at ClientEarth.

"It is simply putting off taking action while behind the scenes it lobbies the EU to weaken limits."

The committee says government should urgently implement incentives to retrofit old vehicles with equipment to reduce pollution and set up a network of Low Emission Zones in the worst-affected areas.

And it warns that meeting the NO2 standard would be impossible in the event of a third runway being constructed at Heathrow - an option that is currently ruled out by Coalition policy.

The committee's call to action is partly couched in historical terms; air pollution in London causes as many deaths now as in the bad old days of the "pea-souper" smogs, it calculates.

"It is estimated that around 4,000 people died as a result of the Great Smog of London in 1952. That led to the introduction of the Clean Air Act in 1956.

"In 2008, 4,000 people died in London from air pollution and 30,000 died across the whole of the UK.

"The government needs to act now, as government did in the 1950s, to save the health of the nation."

Word List:

  • to exceed = to go above an official limit
  • at risk = in a situation where bad things can easily happen to you
  • life expectancy = the length of time that someone is likely to live
  • swingeing = [UK] large and likely to cause serious difficulty or harm
  • tactic = a particular method or plan for achieving something
  • to curb = to control or limit something that is harmful
  • breach = a failure to do something that you have promised to do or that people expect you to do
  • scandal = a situation in which important people behave in a dishonest or immoral way that shocks people
  • tyre = [UK] rubber tire
  • airborne = carried in the air
  • particle = an extremely small piece or amount of something
  • startling = surprising, or very unusual
  • quota = an amount of something that someone is officially allowed to have or do
  • to avow = to publicly claim or promise something
  • haulage = goods or products hauled (carried) by trucks
  • peak = top or highest
  • to emit = to send something out into the air, especially gas, light, or heat
  • to implement = to make something such as an idea, plan, system, or law start to work and be used
  • to facilitate = to make it possible or easier for something to happen
  • uptake = [UK] the number of people who want to do something such as use a service or study a particular subject
  • ultra = extremely: used with many adjectives
  • sustainable = capable of continuing for a long time at the same level
  • to dump = to leave something/someone in the care of someone else because it is convenient for you, although it may not be for them
  • to tackle = to make an organized and determined attempt to deal with a problem, often a social problem such as crime or unemployment
  • to retrofit = to change or improve something such as a machine or a building by adding new parts, equipment, or features to it

Friday, November 11, 2011

NEWS: Dalai Lama Visits Mongolia

His Holiness the Dalai Lama speaking at the new sports stadium
in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, November 8, 2011

His Holiness greets the audience
before he begins his talk at the Central Cultural Palace
in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, November 9, 2011

A college student asking His Holiness the Dalai Lama a question
in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, November 9, 2011

View of the stage during His Holiness the Dalai Lama's talk
at the Central Cultural Palace
in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, November 9, 2011

His Holiness the Dalai Lama during his teachings
in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, November 10, 2011

Some of the audience members listening
to His Holiness the Dalai Lama's teaching
in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, November 10, 2011

NEWS: Why I came 'home' to India

by Rajini Vaidyanathan, originally posted on BBC 9 Nov 2011

Decades after her parents left India,
the BBC's Rajini Vaidyanathan is making the return journey

We ate it, we watched it, we wore it, we sometimes spoke it, and we missed it, even though we never really knew it.

India was a country which had an almost mythical status in my childhood. The place we heard about from our parents, but rarely visited.

Stories about India fascinated me as a child; tales of my mother playing games as a child in Delhi, where she grew up, recollections of my parents beautiful wedding, or the tale of the cow who used to arrive at my dad's house in Madras (now Chennai) every morning to deliver fresh milk.

I was born and brought up in Milton Keynes, a city only ever known for cows of the concrete variety, but right from my childhood I felt a strong connection to India and its culture and customs.

We celebrated Christmas, but we also got new clothes for Diwali. We went to see Hollywood films but we also watched Bollywood movies on VHS, with mum translating in real time. We ate cottage pie, but we also ate chana masala.

Our lives were delicately balanced between two time zones, two countries and two cultures.

The hardest part for all of us was being away from our grandparents and relatives. A crackly phone call every Sunday, or the arrival of a blue airmail envelope would delight me for at least a week. I'd reply, writing to family whose appearance I wasn't even familiar with, let alone their personalities.

I went to India for the first time at the age of three, a trip I barely remember. The next time was when I had reached the more "grown up" age of 10. It was after that visit that I first truly felt the pull between East and West.

I recall landing back at Heathrow, holding my dad's hand as we walked through immigration. "Dad. I've just realised that everyone looks different again."

He laughed, but the naive realisation that I also "belonged" somewhere else, a place where everyone had the same skin tone and cultural mannerisms, continued to bug me.

Rajini's father (left) emigrated to the UK in 1966 with £75 in his pocket

Surprising contrasts

India as a 10-year-old surprised me. I ate pizza, I drank Pepsi, I went to a theme park, I visited the Taj Mahal.

Every time I visited I wrote a diary. It was a kind of ode to the land I never really knew, but the place my parents called "home".

"Really modern, like London," I wrote, "Millions of shops, hotels, restaurants, markets and skyscrapers.

"It's not rare to see a cattle standing in the road and occasionally its droppings.

"People portray India full of villages, there are, but cities too," I continued, with my pre-pubescent observations.

When I returned and gave a class presentation on the trip, I remember excitedly explaining what I had done, and how much I loved it.

"My dad went to India and said he wouldn't even get off the plane it smelt so much," said one girl in the class, unaware perhaps, of the dagger she had landed in my stomach.

I went home and cried to my mum about it. I couldn't understand why people would have such a negative perception of such a beautiful country.

I'd often ask my parents why they ever left India, the life they had there always seemed far more exciting and interesting than the Buckinghamshire suburbs. My grandfather worked for the United Nations and met India's first Prime Minister Jawarhlal Nehru, the President of India (Venkataraman) was at my parents' wedding, and we had a large and interesting family.

Yet despite the personal pull they had to India, they saw far more opportunity in the UK.

My parents left India decades ago, and now call England their home; they revoked their Indian citizenship for UK passports a long time ago. They did that seeking a better life for their unborn children. And now, one of them has chosen to head back.

India is more dynamic and vibrant than it has ever been. Its economy, population, brains and spending power are being courted by the entire world.

But even with a narrative which is set to propel India's power on the international stage even further, the decision to start a life here, and extend my posting beyond the initial six months I'd signed up for, baffles my parents.

"You really want to live in India?" exclaimed my mother when I told her. "Hundreds of people are going to great lengths to come and live in the UK, and you're sure want to stay?"

I am sure, and I'm not alone - many of my friends here in Mumbai have made the same journey. They're running their own companies, making money working for big corporations, or spreading social good with charities. The sense of opportunity is palpable. I was surprised at the numbers of educated, articulate young Indians born in America, the UK and Australia who have come here to tap into the opportunity.

Rajini (second from right) wrote in her diary
her impressions of India when she visited aged 10

'Best place to be'

At dinner parties it's normal to discuss the business opportunities or ideas we will launch onto the Indian market to make our millions.

It's not just us "outsiders", there are dozens of educated Indians who are no longer leaving to make their millions. A good chunk of my friends here are entrepreneurs setting up their own businesses, just in the same way thousands once left these shores for the UK to set up some of Britain's most successful firms.

There is a sense among all of us displaced Indians, if you can call us that, that this is the best place for us to be in the world. The fact we have cultural ties adds to the idea that we can be more productive, and make more of a difference here.

Coming to live here is in some way attending to unfinished business.

You can meet a person a few times, speak to them on the phone, or online, but only when you live with them do you really know them.

My flirtation with India is now real. I'm about to make this place my home for the next few years.

Rajini's grandfather (centre) was well-connected,
seen here with India's first PM Nehru

My dad left India in May 1966 and landed at Heathrow as a bright-eyed student. My mother followed a decade later. They both live in the UK, are integral members of the local community, and have raised three successful daughters.

Forty-five years on, and I'm doing the reverse. I share the same fears as my father did as he stepped off the plane with only £75 in his pocket, but just as he found new success and a home in England, I hope to in India.

Word List:

  • mythical = imaginary, or not real
  • to fascinate = to attract and interest you very strongly
  • recollection = a memory of something
  • cottage pie = (shepherd's pie) a meat pie with a crust of mashed potato
  • chana masala = a popular Pakistani & Indian vegetable dish of chickpeas – dry, spicy with a sour citrus taste
  • crackly = making continuous short sounds like the sound of wood burning
  • naïve = lacks experience of life and tends to trust other people and believe things too easily
  • to bug (someone) = to annoy someone
  • ode = a poem written for or about a particular person, thing, or event
  • dropping = the feces (=solid waste) of animals or birds
  • to portray = to show or describe someone or something in a particular way
  • pre-pubescent = relating to the time just before puberty (when you change from a child into an adult)
  • dagger = a weapon like a very small sword, or a long knife
  • to revoke = to officially say that something is no longer legal, for example a law or a document
  • vibrant = lively and exciting, bright and colorful
  • to be courted = to try to impress or please someone because you want them to help you in some way
  • to baffle = if a problem, someone’s behavior, etc. baffles you, you cannot understand it or solve it
  • palpable = obvious or very easily no
  • articulate = able to express your thoughts, arguments, and ideas clearly and effectively
  • flirtation = an instance of someone being interested in or involved with a new idea or activity for a short period of time
  • bright-eyed = attitude of being full of wonder
  • integral = forming an essential part of something and needed to make it complete

Thursday, November 3, 2011

TEDtalks: The magic of truth and lies (and iPods)


Marco Tempest:
The magic of truth and lies (and iPods)


Марко Темпест:
Үнэн худал (болон iPod) - ын ид шид

ABOUT THIS TALK - Using three iPods like magical props, Marco Tempest spins a clever, surprisingly heartfelt meditation on truth and lies, art and emotion.

Гурван ширхэг iPod -ыг илбийн хэрэгсэл мэт ашиглан, Марко Темпест, үнэн худал, урлаг, болон сэтгэл хөдлөлийн талаар энэхүү чадварлаг бөгөөд санаандгүйгээр чин зүрхэнд хүрэх эргэцүүлэлийг толилуулж байна.

Translated into Mongolian by Dulguun Bayaraa
Reviewed by Buyandelger Ulziikhuu

So the type of magic I like, and I'm a magician, is a magic that uses technology to create illusions. So I would like to show you something I've been working on. It's an application that I think will be useful for artists -- multimedia artists in particular. It synchronizes videos across multiple screens of mobile devices. And I borrowed these three iPods from people here in the audience to show you what I mean. And I'm going to use them to tell you a little bit about my favorite subject: deception.

Тэхээр миний дуртай илбэ бол технологийг ашиглан хүнийг төөрөгдүүлдэг илбэ юм. Би танд сүүлийн үед төвлөрөн ажилласан нэгэн зүйлээ үзүүлье. Энэ бол нэгэн програм хангамж буюу апликэйшн урлагынхан - тэр тусмаа компьютерийн уран бүтээлчдэд хэрэгтэй болох зүйл дээ. Энэ програм нь хэд хэдэн төхөөрөмжийн хооронд дүрс бичлэг (видео) - г холбон тохируулдаг юм. Тэгээд би энэ гурван iPod-ыг энд байгаа үзэгчдээс түр гуйж авч өөрийн юу хэлээд байгаагаа танд харуулах гэсэн юм. Тэгээд эдгээрийг ашиглаж би танд өөрийн дуртай сэдэв болох: Хууран мэхлэлт-ийн талаар түргэн зуур үзүүлье.

(Music) - (Хөгжим)

One of my favorite magicians is Karl Germain. He had this wonderful trick where a rosebush would bloom right in front of your eyes. But it was his production of a butterfly that was the most beautiful.

Миний дуртай илбэчдийн нэг бол Карл Жермайн. Тэр нэгэн гайхалтай илбээр сарнай цэцгийн бутыг нүдний чинь өмнө цэцэглүүлнэ. Гэхдээ тэрний эрвээхэй бүтээх нь хамгийн үзэсгэлэнтэй.

(Recording) Announcer: Ladies and gentlemen, the creation of life.

(Бичлэг) Зарлагч: Ноёд, хатагтай нараа, амьдралын бүтээн байгуулалт.

(Applause) - (Алга ташилт)

(Music) - (Хөгжим)

Marco Tempest: When asked about deception, he said this:

Марко Темпест: Түүнээс хууран мэхлэлтийн тухай асуухад тэр ингэж хэлсэн юм:

Announcer: Magic is the only honest profession. A magician promises to deceive you -- and he does.

Зарлагч: Илбэ бол цорын ганц үнэн мэргэжил. Илбэчин таныг хуурна гэж амлаад- тэгээд амлалтаа биелүүлдэг.

MT: I like to think of myself as an honest magician. I use a lot of tricks, which means that sometimes I have to lie to you. Now I feel bad about that. But people lie every day.

МТ: Би өөрийгөө үнэнч илбэчин гэж бодох дуртай. Би олон олон заль хэрэглэдэг, тэр нь би танд заримдаа худал хэрэх хэрэгтэй болдог гэсэн үг. Тэгэх нь надад тааламжгүй байдаг. Гэвч хүмүүс өдөр болгон л худал хэлдэг шүүдээ.

(Ringing) Hold on.

(Утас дугарах) Хүлээгээрэй.

Girl in Phone: Hey, where are you?

Утасны цаана охин: Хөөе, чи хаана байнаа?

MT: Stuck in traffic. I'll be there soon. You've all done it.

МТ: Замын түгжээнд гацчихлаа. Би удахгүй очилоо. Та нар бүгдээрээ л ингэж байсан.

(Laughter) - (Инээд)

Lady: I'll be ready in just a minute, darling.

Эмэгтэй: Хайрт минь, би хоромын дотор бэлэн боллоо.

Man: It's just what I've always wanted.

Залуу: Би үүнийг л яг хүсч байсан юм.

Woman: You were great.

Эмэгтэй: Чи үнэхээр сайн байсан шүү.

MT: Deception, it's a fundamental part of life. Now polls show that men tell twice as many lies as women -- assuming the women they ask told the truth.

МТ: Хууран мэхлэлт, энэ бол амьдралын үндсэн нэг хэсэг. Санал асуулга явуулахад эрэгтэйчүүд эмэгтэйчүүдээс хоёр дахин илүү худал хэлдэг гэсэн хариу гаржээ- асуусан эмэгтэйчүүд үнэнийг хэлсэн гэж бодвол шүүдээ.

(Laughing) - (Инээв)

We deceive to gain advantage and to hide our weaknesses. The Chinese general Sun Tzu said that all war was based on deception. Oscar Wilde said the same thing of romance.

Бид давуу талыг олж авахын тулд, өөрийн сул талаа нуухын тулд хүн хуурдаг. Хятдын генерал Сүн Цү бүх дайн дажин хууран мэхлэлт дээр тулгуурладаг гэж хэлсэн байдаг. Оскар Вайлд дурлал янаг амрагийн явдлын талаар ижил зүйлийг хэлсэн юм.

Some people deceive for money. Let's play a game. Three cards, three chances.

Зарим хүмүүс мөнгөний төлөө хуурдаг. Нэг тоглоом тоглоцгооё. Гурван хөзөр, гурван боломж.

Announcer: One five will get you 10, 10 will get you 20. Now where's the lady? Where is the queen?

Зарлагч: Нэг тав танд аравыг, арав нь хорийг өгнө. Одоо хатан нь хаана байгаа вэ? Хатангийн хөзөр хаана байна?

MT: This one? Sorry. You lose. Well, I didn't deceive you. You deceived yourself. Self-deception. That's when we convince ourselves that a lie is the truth. Sometimes it's hard to tell the two apart. Compulsive gamblers are experts at self-deception. (Slot machine noise) They believe they can win. They forget the times they lose.

МТ: Энэ үү? Уучлаарай. Та хожигдлоо. Гэхдээ, би таныг хуураагүй шүү. Та өөрийгөө хуурсан. Өөрийгөө хуурсан мэхлэлт. Ийм үед л бид өөрсөддөө худал зүйлийг үнэн гэж ятгуулдаг. Заримдаа ялгаа салгааг гаргах нь хэцүү. Мөрийтэй тоглоомд донтогчид бол өөрсдийгөө хуурахдаа мэргэжилтнүүд (Автомат тоглоомын дуу) Тэд өөрсдийгөө хожно гэдэгт итгэнэ. Тэд хожигддог үеүүдээ мартаж орхидог.

The brain is very good at forgetting. Bad experiences are quickly forgotten. Bad experiences quickly disappear. Which is why in this vast and lonely cosmos, we are so wonderfully optimistic. Our self-deception becomes a positive illusion -- why movies are able to take us onto extraordinary adventures; why we believe Romeo when he says he loves Juliet; and why single notes of music, when played together, become a sonata and conjure up meaning.

Тархи юм мартахдаа үнэхээр сайн. Муу тохиолдлууд хурдан мартагдана. Муу тохиолдлууд хурдан арилдаг. Энэ нь яагаад бид энэ энгүй уудам, ганцаардсан огторгуй ертөнцөд ийм гайхалтайгаар өөдрөг байдгийг тайлбарлана. Бидний өөрсдийгөө хуурах нь эерэг төөрөгдүүлэлт болдог - яагаад кино үзэх нь биднийг хосгүй адал явдалд хөтөлж; яагаад бид Ромеог Жульетэд хайртай гэдгээ хэлэхэд нь итгэж; мөн яагаад хөгжмийн нэг нотууд цуг тоглохоор, сонат болж, утга агуулгатай болдогийн учир юм.

That's "Clair de Lune." Its composer called Debussy said that art was the greatest deception of all. Art is a deception that creates real emotions -- a lie that creates a truth. And when you give yourself over to that deception, it becomes magic.

Энэ бол "Клайр дэ Лун." Үүнийг зохиогч Дебюсси урлаг бол хууран мэхлэлтийн хамгийн агуу нь гэж хэлжээ. Урлаг бол үнэн мэдрэмжийг төрүүлдэг төөрөгдүүлэл- үнэнийг төрүүлдэг худал. Тэгээд та өөрийгөө тэрхүү төөрөгдүүлэлтэд оруулахад энэ нь ид шид болдог юм.

(Applause) - (Алга ташилт)

Thank you. Thank you very much.

Баярлалаа. Үнэхээр их баярлалаа.

(Applause) - (Алга ташилт)



Download side-by-side English-Mongolian PDF: TEDtalks-Magic.pdf



ABOUT THE SPEAKER Marco Tempest - A magician and illusionist for the 21st century, Marco Tempest blends cutting-edge technology with the flair and showmanship of Houdini.

Why you should listen to him:
Marco Tempest’s imaginative combination of computer-generated imagery, quick-cut video and enthusiastic stage presence has earned him a place in the pantheon of great illusionists. At 22, the Swiss magician won the New York World Cup of Magic, launching him into international prominence. Tempest's award-winning television series “The Virtual Magician” airs in dozens of countries worldwide, while his lively phonecam postings on YouTube, done without post-production and video-editing tricks to astonished people on the street, get millions of views (search on "virtualmagician"). His Vimeo channel showcases his artistic side -- like his recent hypnotic series "levitation," using a high-speed camera.

Through his art, Tempest creates a highly entertaining way to be entranced by the reality-bending tech magic that surrounds us all every day. He says: "I blend the line between what is incredibly real and what is incredibly not."