Words Words Words

Links to many online dictionaries for many professions.


Many English lessons and English-Mongolian side-by-side PDF books


Learning English and Buddhism in Mongolia


Learning Medical English for doctors, nurses and dentists in Mongolia

Saturday, August 27, 2011

Nike: Keep Your Long Runs Aerobic

originally posted July 20, 2009 by Coach Jay

This week's tip is a direct result of the fact that for the past five days I've been the director of the Boulder Running Camps in Boulder, Colorado. The camp is a treat, a time where I get to talk about running all day with young people who are both curious and passionate about the sport.

The camp finale is a long run on Magnolia Road, the famed training venue outside of Boulder where the starting elevation is in excess of 7,000 ft. and the terminus is near 9,000 ft. All of the campers know that a long run should be run aerobically or that they shouldn't push into their anaerobic metabolism on this run. Yet every year there a few campers who are obviously "going anaerobic."

How do you know if you're running aerobically and not anaerobically? Simple. If you can talk in sentences through the workout, then you're running aerobically. If you're struggling to talk in short phrases, then you've likely entered into the realm of the anaerobic metabolism. Most of the campers during this year's long run at Magnolia Road were running aerobically, yet there are some kids who as I drive by and ask, "How are you doing?" that can not answer.

So, when you're running your long run, feel free to run a challenging pace, yet make sure you can talk in sentences to ensure you're running aerobically.

*Coach Jay’s advice is provided as general training information. Use at your own risk. Always consult with your own heath care provider for questions relating to your specific training and nutrition.

Friday, August 26, 2011

NEWS: Biden Praises Mongolia's Democracy

Originally posted on NPR.org August 22, 2011

U.S. Vice President Joe Biden tried his hand at archery, watched a wrestling match and named a horse during a brief visit Monday in Mongolia, which he called a shining example of democratic development.

U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, right,
shakes hand with a Mongolian wrestler

Biden praised Mongolia for successfully carrying out presidential and parliamentary elections after making a peaceful transition to democracy in the early 1990s. The small, landlocked country had been a Soviet satellite for decades.

"In the last 20 years Mongolia has captured the imagination of the world by its remarkable transition to democracy," Biden said.

Later in the day, Biden sat under a traditional Mongolian tent with Prime Minister Sukhbaatar Batbold and other officials as they watched performances in traditional dance and throat singing performances.

He tried his hand at using a traditional bow and arrow and watched a wrestling competition. As he presented an award to the hefty winner, Biden struck a wrestling pose, eliciting laughter. Biden was also presented with a Mongolian horse, which he named "Celtic" in remembrance of his Irish roots, though the horse bucked as the vice president tried to get near.

U.S. Vice President Biden tries out his archery, accompanied by
Mongolian Prime Minister Sukhbaatar Batbold

Biden also praised Mongolia's military contribution in Afghanistan and Iraq after meeting Prime Minister Sukhbaatar Batbold and President Tsakhia Elbegdorj.

Mongolia is eager to develop its mineral wealth but needs outside help, with companies from neighbors China and Russia, as well as from the United States, Australia, Japan and Canada looking to develop projects.

Last month, Mongolia picked U.S. mining giant Peabody Energy, China's Shenhua Group and a Russian-Mongolian consortium to jointly develop the keenly sought Tavan Tolgoi coking coal deposit in the Gobi Desert.

The companies have agreed to build a 600-megawatt power station, coal-to-liquid fuel and coking fuel plants as well as north and southbound railways for the project, according to a government statement.

Tavan Tolgoi in the southern Gobi desert is one of several big projects Mongolia has been debating as it strives to protect local interests while tapping foreign expertise needed to develop the resources. One-third of the country's 2.7 million people live in poverty.

While Biden received a warm welcome, there was a small group opposed to his visit and his motorcade was greeted by protesters holding posters saying "Yankees keep your hands off Mongolia" and "Hi Joe, No Nuclear Waste, Go Home."

There have been reports in the capital of secret discussions between the Mongolian, Japanese and U.S. governments on storing nuclear waste in Mongolia. The Mongolian government has denied the rumors.

Biden was to stay six hours in Mongolia after arriving from China. The final stop on his Asian tour is Tokyo.

Longman Dictionary
Word List:
  • transition: when something changes from one form or state to another
  • landlocked: surrounded by other countries, states etc and has no coast
  • hefty: big and heavy
  • eliciting: to succeed in getting information or a reaction from someone
  • roots: ancestors, family history
  • bucked: horse kicks its back feet into the air, or jumps with all four feet off the ground
  • eager: very excited about something that is going to happen or about something you want to do
  • debating: to discuss a subject formally when you are trying to make a decision or find a solution:
  • tapping into: to make as much use as possible of the ideas, experience, knowledge etc that a group of people has
  • motorcade: a line of official cars, including a car carrying an important person, that is travelling somewhere

NEWS: Hurricane Irene churns towards US

Originally posted at BBC August 25, 2011

Authorities in several coastal counties
have ordered residents to evacuate

Authorities on the east coast of the US, from North Carolina to New York City, are preparing for the arrival of Hurricane Irene this weekend.

The first hurricane of the Atlantic season is a category three storm, packing winds of 115mph (185km/h), with "some strengthening" expected.

The US Navy has moved 36 ships out to sea and evacuations have begun in Maryland and in North Carolina.

Irene, currently over the Bahamas, has already caused havoc in the Caribbean.

States of emergency have been declared in six states: North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, New Jersey and New York. The move allows greater co-ordination between state and US federal disaster management authorities.

"In this emergency I am activating all levels of state government to prepare for any situation that may be caused by Hurricane Irene," said New York Governor Andrew Cuomo.

In Washington DC, Sunday's scheduled dedication of the newly opened memorial for Martin Luther King Jr - which President Barack Obama had been expected to attend - has been postponed until at least September.

Huge wind span

At 20:00 EDT on Thursday (00:00 GMT on Friday), Irene was gradually moving away from Abaco Island in the Bahamas, and remained 550 miles south south-west of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, said the US National Hurricane Center.

The huge storm boasts hurricane force winds extending 80 miles from its centre, and tropical storm winds reaching up to 295 miles from the eye.

Forecasters said Irene could strengthen slightly throughout Thursday night and Friday ahead of its expected arrival in North Carolina on Saturday.

It is then expected to weaken as it moves up the east coast, diminishing in strength to a still-powerful category two storm on Sunday.

US authorities are warning of dangerous storm-surge seas, high waves and rip-tide currents along the coast stretching up from North Carolina, through Chesapeake Bay and Maryland's Eastern Shore.

Further north still, New Jersey, New York City and Long Island - densely populated areas not usually prepared for hurricanes - are expected to take a buffeting.

Safety 'not guaranteed'

Amtrak, America's passenger rail service, announced it was cancelling train travel south of Washington on the east coast, and airlines predicted widespread disruptions to air travel at the weekend.

In Virginia, the US Navy ordered its Second Fleet to leave Norfolk Naval Station in Virginia on Thursday morning and head out to sea.

"The forecasted destructive winds and tidal surge is too great to keep the ships in port," said Vice Adm Daniel Holloway, the fleet's commander.

"There is a much greater potential of not only the ships being damaged, but also the pier infrastructure.

"Having the ships under way also makes them ready and available to respond to any national tasking, including any needed disaster response efforts."

North Carolina emergency officials have extended evacuation orders to include more than 200,000 tourists and residents in three coastal counties.

Visitors to the region have been leaving the area, while residents are preparing to ride out the storm by stocking up on food, water and fuel.

"Businesses are boarding up. Nobody can guarantee their safety," Dare County emergency management spokeswoman Sharon Sullivan told the Associated Press.

New Jersey Governor Chris Christie warned would-be holiday makers to avoid the shore, and urged people to evacuate ahead of the storm's anticipated arrival on Saturday night.

In New York City, more than 1,000 miles north of the storm's location on Thursday morning, Mayor Michael Bloomberg urged residents of low-lying and beach-front areas to find a place to stay on higher ground ahead of Irene's anticipated arrival on Sunday.

The New York Police Department, the nation's largest, moved 50 small boats to low-lying areas to be ready for rescue missions.

The city's social services agencies are doubling their efforts to ensure homeless New Yorkers have access to shelter.

Crews were also clearing the city's drainage system to make room for the torrents of rain expected when the storm passes to the city's east.

The exact track of the hurricane is uncertain, but US emergency officials said the east coast from the Carolinas to New England was preparing for its impact.

"This is going to be a big storm," said Craig Fugate, the head of the US Federal Emergency Management Agency. "Just because it hits one area doesn't mean it's not going to cause damage further up the coast."

Size of Hurricane Irene compared to Mongolia

Cambridge Dictionaries Online
Word List:
  • churns: to mix something, especially a liquid, with great force
  • packing: containing
  • evacuations: to move people from a dangerous place to somewhere safe
  • havoc: confusion and lack of order, especially causing damage or trouble
  • State of emergency: an order for government agencies to implement emergency preparedness plans
  • dedication: a ceremony at which it is formally opened for use and its particular purpose is stated
  • span: the length of something from one end to the other
  • boasts: to speak too proudly or happily about what you have done or what you own
  • eye: center of the hurricane
  • slightly: a little
  • diminishing: getting smaller or weaker
  • densely: with a lot of things close together
  • buffeting: to hit something repeatedly and with great force
  • ride out: to continue to exist during a difficult situation and until it ends, without serious harm
  • stocking up: to buy a large quantity of something
  • torrents: a large amount of water that is moving quickly

Sunday, August 21, 2011

NEWS: Student workers walk out at Hershey’s plant

Chocolate shakeup: Student guest workers walk out at Hershey’s plant
by: PEPE LOZANO - originally posted by PeoplesWorld.org August 19 2011

Hundreds of foreign student guest workers leave work
to join a protest outside the Hershey's Co. warehouse,
August 17, in Palmyra, Pa. (AP/The Patriot-News, John C. Whitehead)

Hundreds of student guest workers from countries worldwide walked out of a Hershey's chocolate company packing plant in Palmyra, Pa., August 17, demanding the company stop exploiting them.

The students say the summer program they're participating in was supposed to be a cultural exchange. But the program ended up with them being overworked and underpaid, they charged.

Four hundred university students from China, Turkey, Ukraine, Moldova, Mongolia, Romania, Ghana, Nigeria and Thailand were recruited from their home countries to participate in the U.S. State Department's J-1 visa program.

The students hoped to enhance their English skills, make American friends, work for three months, make some money and learn about American culture.

They found themselves packing chocolates and loading boxes at wages from $7.85 to $8.35 per hour. After automatic weekly deductions for rent and other expenses, most were only netting between $40 and $140 per week after 40 hours of work. They have also been forced to live in company housing, for which they are being charged twice the market rates paid by American tenants living in the same housing complexes. They say the situation leaves them with little to no chance to even earn back the thousands of dollars they paid to be here.

So they decided to demand justice and staged a walkout with broad support from unemployed workers in the Palmyra area along with local labor leaders. A large rally was held Wednesday after the students walked off the job.

Statements from many of the speakers at that rally were reported on the website of the National Guestworker Alliance, the labor group representing the students.

Godwin Efobi, a Nigerian student leader, said the students got organized and gathered hundreds of signatures in support of their demands in spite of threats of deportation by their supervisors.

"We were tired of being exploitable labor for the Hershey's Company," said Efobi. "Every one of us paid $3,000 - $6,000 to come to America for what was supposed to be a cultural exchange. Instead we became captive workers at the Hershey's plant."

Harika Duygu Ozer, a medical student from Turkey, said it's not right that unemployed people in Pennsylvania are desperate for jobs. "Why did [Hershey's] bring us here? Because they want to make profits from us instead of giving good jobs to local workers," she said.

The students tell their heroic story in a powerful video on the Guestworker Alliance website.

They say they will remain on strike until Hershey's agrees to meet their key demands: end the exploitation of student guest workers at the plant and give living wage local jobs to Pennsylvania's workers.

After staging a civil disobedience action in front of the plant's main entrance, several local labor leaders supporting the students at the protest were arrested.

Moments before, they each addressed the crowd.

"The workers of Pennsylvania are with you," said Rick Bloomingdale, AFL-CIO Pennsylvania state president. "The fight for good jobs isn't just your fight, it's our fight."

Neal Bisno, president of Pennsylvania's SEIU health care branch, added, "We'll stand with you and demand that Hershey's be held accountable."

Kathy Jellison, SEIU Local 668 president, also expressed support for the students. "It takes courage, what you did today," she said. "You stood up for working families of Pennsylvania, and we're proud to join you."

Saket Soni, executive director of the National Guestworker Alliance, noted "If these jobs had been living wage jobs under a union contract, 400 workers in central Pennsylvania could have made at least $18 an hour." He added, "That's $15 million over the past year that did not come to Pennsylvania's working families because Hershey's subcontracted to have its chocolates packed by exploitable student guest workers instead."

Members of Chocolate Workers Local 464, SEIU, AFL-CIO, and Jobs with Justice also joined the protest.

The students are demanding that Hershey's return the $3,000 - $6,000 that they paid for the supposed cultural exchange. They, along with the National Guestworker Alliance, also filed an official complaint with the U.S. State Department alleging serious violations of the rules in the J-1 visa program. The program was created to give university students from distant countries a chance to be immersed in everyday American life. However in recent years, the program has drawn complaints from students about low wages and unexpectedly poor working conditions.

The State Department announced it is looking into the Hershey's complaints.

According to the students and their supporters much of the blame falls on the organization that manages the J-1 visa program for the State Department - the Council for Education Travel, U.S.A., based in California.

Rick Anaya, chief executive of the council, told the New York Times his group has brought about 6,000 J-1 students to the U.S. this summer. He claims he's tried working with the students on their complaints at the Hershey's plant.

"We are trying to work with these kids," said Anaya. "We would go out of our way to help them, but it seems like someone is stirring them up out there."

Meanwhile an independent commission of experts in labor and international law from several universities is conducting its own investigation into the labor practices of Hershey's and its subcontractors at the Palmyra packing plant. The group expects to release its findings next week.

Monday, August 15, 2011


Event: TEDxUlaanbaatar
When: August 20th, 2011; 09:00AM to 06:00PM
Where: BLACKBOX Theatre, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Or Watch live at TEDxUlaanbaatar.com in Mongolian and English

About TEDx

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TED has created a program called TEDx.

TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. Our event is called TEDxUlaanbaatar, where x = independently organized TED event. At our TEDxUlaanbaatar event, TEDTalks video and live speakers will combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group.

The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events, including ours, are self-organized.

About TEDxUlaanbaatar

As the idea behind TED is sharing knowledge, at TEDxUlaanbaatar, our speakers aim to present inspirational stories about the past, present, and future of Mongolia.

They will speak on topics ranging from Mongolian history to the vast web of Mongolian peoples across the world, from intellectual puzzles to the eclectic fusion of modern Mongolian hip-hop with traditional instruments, from the children of Ulaanbaatar’s streets to the country’s aggressive economic future.

With our first TEDxUlaanbaatar event, we hope to debut Mongolia to the TED community through a new lens, focusing on Mongolia’s rich past and promising future. In a blend of both Mongolians and expatriates, our team of organizers, contributors, and speakers are all working towards Mongolia’s LEGACY: Honoring Tradition, Designing the Future.


Introduction to TEDx

Session 1: Exploring the Past

An insightful look back into Mongolia's rich and unique history. Speakers and presenters in this session will provide a glimpse of Mongolia's colorful tapestry of culture, arts and spirituality.

Session 2: Honoring Tradition

Linking us to the present day, a mix of speakers and artists explore the ways in which Mongolia reveres the past through science, music, photography and lifestyle.

Session 3: Empowering Progress

Inspirational stories of change and the changemakers behind them in Mongolia today. From the streets of Ulaanbaatar to the peaks of the Altai mountains, amazing people positively impacting the world around them.

Session 4: Designing the Future

Visionaries and thought-leaders share their aspirations for realizing Mongolia's potential and shaping the country's legacy for generations to come.


TEDxUlaanbaatar will be streaming live!

While we are limited to 100 seats at the live event, there is unlimited seating for our friends who want to watch TEDxUlaanbaatar live on August 20th! Thanks to the incredible technology available to us you can watch TEDxUlaanbaatar live all day on Saturday, August 20, starting at 9am and running until 6pm in Mongolia. In America, Eastern Standard Time, this means the event starts on Friday, August 19th at 9pm and runs until 6am Saturday morning.

All you have to do is visit TEDxUlaanbaatar.com and the live stream of the event will be available in both Mongolian and English. Invite your friends to join you in watching this all-day event and be sure to join us on Facebook and Twitter to join the live conversation on as we live-tweet and live-blog the event. We would love to hear from you!

Also if you aren’t available to watch the event live, you can always watch the event later. All TEDxUlaanbaatar talks will be available after the event with subtitles in both languages! We look forward to seeing you soon!