Words Words Words

Links to many online dictionaries for many professions.


Many English lessons and English-Mongolian side-by-side PDF books


Learning English and Buddhism in Mongolia


Learning Medical English for doctors, nurses and dentists in Mongolia

Friday, October 22, 2010

Nike: Young Runners

originally posted March 13, 2009 by Coach Jay

My name is Johnathan and I am the distance coach at a high school in Texas. I have a sophomore girl running a 12:40 3200m and 5:50 1600m. I'm looking for advice on what I can do to help this runner reach her potential. Here is what we are doing during workouts:

Mondays: 6 quarters under 80 secs (3 minute break)
Tuesdays: 4 miles
Wednesdays: Mile intervals (under 7) with negative splits (4 minute rest)
Thursday: 4 miles

She works out with the head coach during athletics a couple days a week. This week coming up I'm going to lower the break between quarters to 2 minutes and hopefully increase her mileage. She has only been running for 2 weeks since basketball so we are a little behind. Our ultimate goal for this year is for her to get the school record in both races. The 3200m is 12:30 and the 1600m is 5:35.

I know the workouts I am giving my kids are making them better runners because their times are improving every week, but how do I get them to fulfill all of their potential? - - Thanks, Johnathan

Johnathan - Thanks for the detailed email. Long term, the three big things that are missing from the young woman's schedule:

  1. A longer, more challenging aerobic workout once a week during the track season and twice a week in the summer and in cross-country.
  2. Lots and lots of general strength work...she can likely handle a great deal of this work.
  3. Some light neuromuscular training: running at 400m-800m pace 1-2 times a week, but with full recovery jogs.

Working backwards from the list above, think of the neuromuscular work as simply "faster than 1,600m pace" work. You simply need to give her some "strides" or 100m-150m repeats at 800m pace 1-2 times a week. Most good coaches assign this after easy days, so you might want to add this at the end of one of the 4 mile days. That said, you only need 4x100m or 4x150m with a SLOW jog between them.

The general strength work is simply adding the routines that are on this site (general strength videos are found on the video wall). You can have her watch the videos, then print the PDFs and have her bring them to practice. Initially, the pedestal routine will be challenging, but eventually she should be able to do that with ease 4-5 times a week. Also, at the beginning of the season you can and should ask her to do 10-15 minute of this of this type of work following her last event of her track meets. Keep the next day easy and then consider giving her a day off two days after the meet (so if the meet was on Friday, she does an easy aerobic run Saturday and takes Sunday off).

Finally, you need to add an aerobic workout once a week during the outdoor track season. You can read through older posts to learn about threshold running and fartlek runs, but either way you need to give her one aerobic workout a week. This could be as long as 5-6 miles for her. She will be better by her senior year if you do this work, though in the short term, your schedule is fine. If you truly want to see her develop and get better every year then you need to give her one workout a week during the track season that is a high level aerobic stimulus.

Good luck Johnathan and thanks for the email.

*Coach Jay’s advice is provided as general training information. Use at your own risk. Always consult with your own heath care provider for questions relating to your specific training and nutrition.

Coach Jay coaches athletes at RunnersCoach.com and blogs at CoachJayJohnson.com. If you have a question for Jay, email him here: coachjay@nike.com.

Tuesday, October 12, 2010

USA Traffic & Road Sign Test

Test your knowledge on the meanings of traffic and road signs. This test contains 5 parts, 30 multiple choice questions for each part. Grading is in real time after you submit the results and a detailed answer sheet is provided. Driving is a privilege, you are responsible for knowing what all traffic control signs mean. Did you know there are over 500 traffic signs in use today? Understanding their meanings will make you a safer driver.

Monday, October 11, 2010

MV: Salt

2010 - Salt

Evelyn Salt is a CIA agent and highly respected by all, including her boss, Ted Winter. Out of the blue, a Russian spy walks into their offices and offers a vital piece of information: the President of Russia will be assassinated during his forthcoming visit to New York City to attend the funeral of the recently deceased U.S. Vice President. The name of the assassin: Evelyn Salt. Concerned about the safety of her husband, who she cannot contact, she goes on the run. Winter refuses to accept that she is a mole or a double agent but her actions begin to raise doubts. Just who is Evelyn Salt and what is she planning?

Please, please, I'm not a spy.
  • spy = someone whose job is to find out secret information about a country or organization
I work in the sale of petroleum and gas.
  • petroleum = (crude) oil
You are here to sabotage our nuclear ambition.
  • sabotage = deliberate damage that is done to the property of an enemy or opponent
  • ambition = something that you very much want to do, something that is difficult to achieve
Keep your head down and don't say anything until we make the the swap.
  • swap = exchange
All the rules say to leave me, that one life is not worth blowing operational cover.
  • operational cover / under cover = pretending to be someone else to find secret information
He petitioned the Senate...
  • to petition = to ask someone in authority to do something using a petition
We didn't need the publicity, so I figured we better do something or
  • to figure / to figure out = to be able to understand something or to solve a problem
...he's gonna invade this God damn Republic himself.
  • to invade = to take or send an army into another country in order to get control of it
No, but it is utilitarian and utilitarian is the new sexy.
  • utilitarian = designed to be useful rather than attractive
Ran the trace, first name Usem, last name Utsa.
  • trace = to use electronic equipment to find out where a telephone call was made
Any verifiable hits?
  • verifiable = able to be checked or proved
Matahari here's got a big night tonight.
  • Mata Hari = Mata Hari was the name of the Dutch exotic dancer and prostitute Gertrud Margarete Zelle, who was shot by the French as a spy on 15 October 1917.
I like the ring of that.
  • 'the ring of that' = 'the sound of that'
How did the Oval Office briefing go?
  • Oval Office = office of the US President
Hm... Fingers crossed
  • 'fingers crossed' = good luck
Once you start pushing papers, there's no turning back.
  • 'pushing papers' = office job at a desk
I was homesick.
  • homesick = to miss home
A defector, 10 minutes ago.
  • defector = In politics, a person who gives up allegiance to one state or political entity in exchange for allegiance to another.
Guess he's not buying our cover.
  • 'not buying' = 'not believing'
You get his bona-fides?
  • bona-fides = evidence or proof that someone has sincere feelings or is who they claim to be
He says he's FSB, but won't give us any more.
  • FSB = Federal Security Bureau: Russian internal counterintelligence agency
Come on Salt, no one can sort out a nut job from the real thing faster than you.
  • to sort out = to find out information that allows you to understand something
  • nut job = someone who is crazy
Hey, Ted. We're crashing the party.
  • 'crash the party' = uninvited
Commencing audio and visual recording.
  • to commence = to begin
  • audio = sound
Testing ear piece.
  • ear piece = communication device that fits in the ear
I'm moved.
  • to be moved = to affect someone emotionally by making them feel sad and serious
A defector with cancer. Are you selling secrets for chemo or are you afraid of dying?
  • chemo = short name for chemotherapy where chemicals are given to destroy cancer
Shows up in 1993 in Novosibirsk blast, Siberia.
  • blast = explosion
Prior to '93...
  • prior = before a time period
A master spy who had devised the greatest plan a Russian patriot could ever invent...
  • devise = to invent a method of doing something
  • patriot = someone who has strong feelings of love, respect, and duty toward their country
American named Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • Lee Harvey Oswald = assassinated (killed) President John F. Kennedy in 1963
...he emigrated to Russia.
  • to emigrate = to leave your country in order to live in another country
The spy master was now given the go ahead, to create many more like Alec.
  • 'the go ahead' = official approval to begin
Scores of agents.
  • scores = a large number of people or things
At an abandoned monastery, Chenkov and other boys
  • abandoned = left empty or no longer used
Drilled in idiom, idiosyncrasy.
  • idiom = an expression whose meaning is different from the meaning of the individual words
  • idiosyncrasy = way of behaving that is unusual or strange, and not shared by other people
And ideology.
  • ideology = a system of ideas and principles on which a political or economic theory is based
And by methods of rigorous physical and psychological programming.
  • rigorous = strict, or severe
It's an urban legend.
  • urban legend = A form of modern folk story thought to be true but are often distorted, exaggerated, or sensationalized over time.
Highly trained Russian sleeper agents, inserted into American society to sabotage and assassinate.
  • to insert = to put something into something else, or into a hole or space
You don't believe in moles?
  • mole = someone who joins or works for an organization in order to give secret information about it to other people, especially to its enemies
I believe in moles, alright. Just not the boogyman.
  • 'boogyman' = an imaginary man who frightens children, especially in children’s stories
This guy's selling smoke.
  • 'selling smoke' = telling lies
Wrap it up, Eve.
  • 'wrap it up' = finish
So far, the FMRI has registered truthful on everything he said.
  • FMRI = functional magnetic resonance imaging: to determine the specific location of the brain where a certain function, such as speech or memory, occurs.
  • has registered = to show as a particular measurement on a piece of equipment
'Cause he didn't flutter? I can beat that thing five
  • to flutter = to move up and down or from side to side with short, quick, light movements,
Honey, it's me. Please call me as soon as you get this.
  • Honey = used for talking to someone who you care about
Okay sweetheart? As soon as you get this.
  • Sweetheart = used for talking to someone who you care about
Godspeed, comrade Chenkov.
  • Godspeed = used for wishing someone good luck, especially before a trip
Someone interrogate that piece of shit.

  • to interrogate = to ask a prisoner or criminal, a lot of questions in an angry or threatening way, in order to get information
Give us a sec.
  • sec = short name for 'second', 'a moment'
I know that we're heading into your jurisdiction here, but I'm asking you for just 5 minutes.
  • heading = to go in a particular direction
  • jurisdiction = the right or power to make legal decision
Get me a side-arm.
  • side-arm = a firearm that is held and fired with one hand
He's one of the world's top arachnologists, Eve.
  • arachnologists = studies spiders
We bring her in, or we bring her down.
  • bring down = kill
She's east-bound in the mall.
  • east-bound = going east
Box her in.
  • to box in = to surround
I'm innocent, somebody is setting me up.
  • to set someone up = to arrange a situation so that someone is blamed for doing something
Give yourself up, now!
  • to give up = to quit, to surrender to the police
We gotta bring you in Salt.
  • to bring in = to take to jail
Get a roadblock in place now.
  • roadblock = where police or soldiers stop traffic, especially to make checks
Get off on the shoulder! Get off on the shoulder!
  • shoulder = side of the road
A deluxe room.
  • deluxe room = a very good room
Ms. Hernandez, do you need any help with your luggage?
  • luggage = bags, suitcases
The funeral of Vice-President Maxwell Oates.
  • funeral = a ceremony that takes place after someone dies, usually including a religious ceremony, and the formal process of taking the body to the place where it is buried
He's based legacy may be as architect of the new era of Russian, American relations.
  • architect = designer, builder
What's the security perimeter?
  • perimeter = the outer edge of an enclosed area of ground such as a field or airport
We got two, M.I.A's.
  • M.I.A = missing in action
I'm heading down to the crypt, some kind of trouble down there.
  • crypt = an underground room where bodies of dead people are buried, under a church
I can't feel a pulse.
  • pulse = the regular movement of blood as the heart pumps it around the bod
She had the drop on me, Ted.
  • to have the drop on someone = have the momentary advantage of acting first
Even as the body of slain President Matveyev is on it's way back to Moscow,
  • slain = killed
Responding to a rapid escalating crisis.
  • rapid = fast
  • escalating = becoming larger
We seize control of this country's atomic weapons.
  • to seize = to take something using official power and force
And you...are my attache. Your ID.
  • attache = an official who is in charge of a particular subject or activity at an embassy
The bunker, eight stories below the White House
  • bunker = a room with very strong walls, built underground as a shelter against bomb
Pop the hood and open the trunk.
  • 'pop the hood' = open the car's engine cover
A shrapnel. A Serbian land-mine. They spend more time looking at it than the doctor did.
  • shrapnel = small pieces of metal that fly out of a bomb or bullet when it explodes
I think I saw her in the corridor.
  • corridor = hallway
I could see how moved you were with Mike's little white knight routine.
  • 'white knight' = a man that comes to the rescue of a woman

2010 - Salt - PDF download

Past Movie wordlists:

2010 - Remember Me
2005 - Imagine Me and You
2005 - Mr and Mrs Smith
2008 - Yes Man
1943 - Casablanca
1998 - Shakespeare in Love
2002 - Ice Age
2009 - 17 Again
2009 - Harry Potter & The Half Blood Prince
2009 - The Proposal
2009 - Up

HEALTH: How to Meditate

Meditation has been done by many different religions for thousands of years. Now modern science and medicine have measured the benefits of this age-old tradition and it shows the regular meditation can lower blood pressure, reduce of some pain, and lower stress levels.:

  • Confidence and self control
  • Improved concentration
  • Inner certainty
  • Ability to focus and work efficiently
  • Ability to let go of negative emotions such as anger and paranoia
  • Improved posture
  • Greater enjoyment of the physical
  • Better personal relationships
  • Improved health

Learn the basics of Zen meditation in about five minutes.

This is a simple but very complete step-by-step video on how to meditate, and it was produced at the Hazy Moon Zen Center in Los Angeles. It shows the precise instructions given in their beginner’s class. The video is in English with English subtitles. Now you have everything you need to begin, and to begin again.

Friday, October 8, 2010

Nike: Strengthen Your Back to Help You Run Tall

originally posted October 27, 2008 by Coach Jay

"Running tall" is important for all types of runners, and now with the ancillary videos at your fingertips on the Nike Running blog, you might find it even easier to help you accomplish this. While all of the routines help with core strength, the back routine is especially important because it helps you strengthen your posterior chain, the muscles that make up the posterior or "back" of your body. The back routine is as much for butt and hamstrings as it is for you back muscles; if you can strengthen your posterior chain than it will be easier for you to run tall, which is biomechanically more efficient than leaning forward. Remember to try just 1-2 reps of each exercise in the back routine before adding this to your daily schedule.

Want to check out Jay's back routine video? Find it here.

Coach Jay coaches athletes at RunnersCoach.com and blogs at CoachJayJohnson.com. If you have a question for Jay, email him here: coachjay@nike.com.

Wednesday, October 6, 2010

Essay Writing lesson

Many English students need to know how to write an essay, especially if they are trying to get into certain universities abroad.


The essay is the most common kind of writing every student will do while at university. That is why it is good for a student to begin to learn how and be comfortable with this kind of writing. Essays are often assigned both in class—which requires previous planning and practice (and a bit of creativity)—and as homework, which also asks for a certain amount of preparation. Many bad essays have been written because of little preparation and confidence.

What is an Essay?

The purpose of a short essay is to encourage students to develop ideas and concepts in their writing using only their thoughts. Essays give a lot of information clearly and in a few words, and require the purpose and direction be clear.

This handout will include a brief introduction to the following kinds of essay writing:

  • The Expository Essay
  • The Descriptive Essay
  • The Narrative Essay
  • The Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay

What is an Expository Essay?

The expository essay requires the student to look at an idea, judge the facts, talk more about the idea, and give reasons for any view about that idea clearly and with few words. This can be done through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of cause and effect, etc.

The structure of the expository essay is held together by the following:

  • A clear, concise, and defined 'thesis statement' that is in the first paragraph of the essay.
  • Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Body paragraphs that include facts that support the idea, each limited to one general idea.
  • Be creative.
  • A conclusion doesn't just repeat the thesis, but looks at the statement with the essays ideas.

A Complete Argument

It might be helpful to think of an essay like a conversation with a classmate, with a beginning, middle, and end to the conversation. The expository essay must be complete and logically.

The Five-Paragraph Essay

A common method for writing an expository essay is the five-paragraph approach.
1. - an introductory paragraph
2,3,4. - three evidentiary body paragraphs
5. - a conclusion

What is a Descriptive Essay?

The descriptive essay asks the student to describe an object, person, place, experience, emotion, or situation. This kind of essay helps the student learn how to write a story about a single experience. A descriptive essay gives the writer a lot of freedom to be creative (the goal is to paint a picture using words that is alive and moving in the mind of the reader).

Here are some guidelines for writing a descriptive essay:

  • Take time to brainstorm - Take time to write down some ideas before you start to describe it on paper. For example, if you choose pizza, you might start by writing down a few words: sauce, cheese, crust, pepperoni, sausage, spices, hot, melted. Once you have written down some words, you can begin by making descriptive lists for each one.
  • Use clear and concise language - This means that words are chosen carefully.
  • Choose vivid language - Why Choose words that paint a picture in the mind.
  • Use your senses! - Remember, if you are describing something, you need to explain how the thing smelled, felt, sounded, tasted, or looked.
  • What were you thinking?! - Describe emotions or feelings about your topic.
  • Leave the reader with a clear impression - Your goal is to 'connect' your topic to the reader.
  • Be organized! - You must write an organized and logical description. Don't write too much

What is a Narrative Essay?

A narrative essay is like telling a story. These essays let the student to express themselves in a creative and, quite often, emotional way.

Here are some guidelines for writing a narrative essay:

  • The essay should include all the parts of a story: introduction, plot, characters, setting, climax, and conclusion.
  • The essay should have a purpose, the reason for writing it.
  • The essay should be written from a clear point of view, usually of the writer (not always)
  • Use clear language with few words throughout the essay.
  • It is okay to use 'I’.
  • As always, be organized!
Have a clear introduction that sets the tone for the remainder of the essay. Do not leave the reader guessing about the purpose of your narrative. Remember, you are in control of the essay, so guide it where you desire (just make sure your audience can follow your lead).

What is an Argumentative Essay?

The argumentative essay asks the student to investigate a topic, collect, generate, and evaluate facts, and establish a position (for or against) on the topic using few words.

Argumentative essay homework usually need a lot of research. They may need the kind of research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments. Detailed research allows the student to learn about the topic and to understand different points of view of the topic so that they may choose a position and support it with the facts collected. Argumentative essays must have a clear thesis and follow good reasons.

The structure of the argumentative essay is held together by the following:
  • A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay.
    • In the first paragraph students should review the topic in a general way. Next, students need to explain why the topic is important or why readers should care. Lastly, students should present the thesis statement.
  • Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion.
    • One thought follows another. But the transition between different thoughts should finish one and begin another.
  • Body paragraphs that include facts that support the idea.
    • Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea. It is also important to explain how and why the facts supports the thesis.
    • However, argumentative essays should also consider and explain differing points of view regarding the topic.
  • Facts support the thesis.
    • The argumentative essay requires well-researched, accurate, detailed, and current information to support the thesis statement and consider other points of view.
  • A conclusion that does not simply repeat the thesis, but looks at it using the new facts.
    • Do not introduce any new information into the conclusion. Repeat why the topic is important, review the main points, and review your thesis.

A Complete Argument

It might be helpful to think of an essay in terms of a conversation or debate with a classmate.

The Five-Paragraph Essay

A common method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach. But it is not the only way to write essays. The method consists of 1) an introductory paragraph 2) three evidentiary body paragraphs that may include discussion of opposing views and 3) a conclusion.

original content posted on Purdue OWL
and written by Jack Baker & Allen Birzee

Purdue Writing Lab Very large learning website
Academic Writing ModuleWriting exercises for self-study
English Online France Reading and writing
English for Academic Purposes Many tutorials
Parapal Online English Lessons Links to many lessons
Uni Learning Academic Writing Online exercises
How to Write a Five-Paragraph Essay Simple steps
Academic Essay Writing Many, many links
How to Write and Admissions Essay
Effective Academic Writing Exercises Links
How to Write the SAT Essay
How to Write the Opening Line of an Essay
How to Write an Essay Outline
Essay Outline for ESL Students

NEWS: Vatican official criticizes Nobel win for IVF pioneer

originally posted 4 October 2010 @ BBC.co.uk


The first test tube baby
celebrated her 30th birthday
with Prof Edwards in 2008
A Vatican official has said the awarding of the Nobel Prize for Medicine to British IVF pioneer Robert Edwards is "completely out of order".

Ignacio Carrasco de Paula, head of the Pontifical Academy for Life, said the award ignored the ethical questions raised by the fertility treatment.

He said IVF had led to the destruction of large numbers of human embryos.

Nearly four million babies have been born using IVF fertility treatment since 1978.

Monsignor Carrasco, the Vatican's spokesman on bio-ethics, said in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) had been "a new and important chapter in the field of human reproduction".

But he said the Nobel prize committee's choice of Prof Edwards had been "completely out of order" as without his treatment, there would be no market for human eggs "and there would not be a large number of freezers filled with embryos in the world", he told Italy's Ansa news agency.

"In the best of cases they are transferred into a uterus but most probably they will end up abandoned or dead, which is a problem for which the new Nobel prize winner is responsible."

In his statement, Monsignor Carrasco stressed that he was speaking in a personal capacity.

The Nobel medicine prize committee in Sweden said Prof Edwards' work had brought "joy to infertile people all over the world".

"His achievements have made it possible to treat infertility, a medical condition afflicting a large proportion of humanity, including more than 10% of all couples worldwide," it said.

Prof Edwards efforts in the 1950s, 60s and 70s led to the birth of the world's first "test tube baby", Louise Brown, in July 1978.

Ms Brown said the award was "fantastic news".

"Me and mum are so glad that one of the pioneers of IVF has been given the recognition he deserves," she said.

"We hold Bob in great affection and are delighted to send our personal congratulations to him and his family at this time."