Words Words Words

Links to many online dictionaries for many professions.


Many English lessons and English-Mongolian side-by-side PDF books


Learning English and Buddhism in Mongolia


Learning Medical English for doctors, nurses and dentists in Mongolia

Saturday, November 7, 2009

Influenza Report
(in English & Mongolian)

Influenza Report is a medical textbook that provides a comprehensive overview of epidemic and pandemic influenza (download PDF). Influenza Report has also been published in Albanian, Chinese, Croatian, German, Indonesian, Italian, Mongolian, Serbian, and Slovenian. To be informed about new chapters or editions, please subscribe to the Influenza Report Alert.

Merck Manual of Patient Symptoms Podcast

For more information, go to Merck Manual of Patient Symptoms

New Releases:
Jaundice in Adults ( 24 min 02 sec )
Polyarticular Joint Pain ( 19 min 09 sec)
Dysphagia (15 min 40 sec)

Past Podcasts included:
  • Tearing
  • Hirsutism
  • Wheezing
  • Anal Itching
  • Palpitations
  • Fever in Infants
  • Floaters
  • Toothache
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Dyspepsia
  • Vision Loss
  • Nipple Discharge
  • Joint Pain
  • Rhinorrhea
  • Urticaria
  • Insomnia
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Constipation
  • Tremor
  • Alopecia
  • Epistaxis
  • Diarrhea
  • Eye Pain
  • Urinary Frequency
  • Tinnitus
  • Edema
  • Dry Mouth
  • Cough
  • Eyelid Swelling
  • Ear Discharge
  • Stridor
  • Vaginal Itching
  • Priapism
  • Polyuria
  • Chronic Fever
  • Sore Throat
  • Red Eye
  • Crying
  • Earache
  • Halitosis
  • Chest Pain
  • Hemoptysis
  • Hiccups
  • Neck Mass
  • Diplopia
  • Headache
  • Breast Lumps
  • Hematuria

Wednesday, July 1, 2009

Certificate Parties for Summer Intensive

Well, our 4-week Summer Intensive English courses finished up with week. And as always, we celebrated with a certificate party. The students continue to amaze me with their creativity and organization skills. And this semesters parties were no exception.
First on Friday, my Pre-Intermediate-2 class had their gathering. This is the first time I've taught any of these students and they were remarkable. Tsetsgee did a great job in their earlier courses. Enough of my rambling, let's see the pictures!

Pre-Intermediate 2 Class

Can't have a party without fireworks

It still is humbling when the class gives you a gift, which is part of their culture. But it really is I who should give them a gift for being such wonderful students. They make this job easy because of their enthusiasm and smiles. The P-2 class gave me a beautiful traditional summer shirt and a wonderful Mongolian hat so that I'd be dressed just right for Nadaam festival next month. Another student, Ganchuluun, gave me a cut-paper picture that she did. Amazing detail.

Then as they left, my Intermediate-2 class came in. Most of these students I've taught for the whole year. They are a great group of people. This is actually their graduation but I hope they keep in touch. I told them, "Once I'm your teacher, I'm always your teacher."
Instead of tons of cake, Tsendee and her classmates made sandwiches. I've taught most of the I-2 class since I arrived in Mongolia, so they are welcome faces. But this is their last semester in our three year program, so I will miss them. But I do hope to see a few when I start a monthly discussion group in the Fall. Eegii had the honor of giving me a copper bowl filled with aarool, a type of traditional cheese, in his hands with a blue kata. It's believed that if you put hot water in the bowl at night, then drink the cooled water in the morning, the copper will keep you healthy.

Probably healthier than cake


Tsetsgee had her certificate parties the next day on Saturday. Her first party was with her Kids Beginner class. Mongolians love to sing, and her students put on quite a show for me, going through their entire repertoire.

Ages were from 10 to 15

A medley of songs

Beginner-1 (children)

Her Adult Beginners class even put on a skit that included dialogues they had learned, and cleverly incorporated some of the songs they learned too. It turns out that half the class is made up of medical students and one doctor.

Tsetsgee with her students

Showing us what they have learned

Friday, June 12, 2009

Students should make use of their years in college

Students should make use of their years in college by Monica Sanford

from the Daily Nebraskan - Sunday, June 7, 2009

Yes, I’m going to pontificate. I’m going to stand on my soapbox and give all of you new baby freshmen an unwanted earful of advice.

You see, I’ve been in college far, far too long. After all, I use words like “pontificate.”

Therefore, I feel I am uniquely qualified to share what little wisdom (if any) I have gained. So, in no particular order, let us begin.

Don’t be in too much of a hurry to declare a major. We all have to take the same boring required classes anyway. I’m sure civilized society will collapse if we aren’t all “well-rounded.” Take advantage of the opportunity to try different things and learn what truly excites you.

Diversify your educational and employment experiences. I sold my soul to the College of Architecture many years ago, but I’ve also studied art, Japanese, real estate and philosophy. I’ve worked for fast food places, banks, mortgage companies, a mountain resort, non-profit companies, UNL’s Military Science Department, the School of Natural Resources, the Nebraska Rural Initiative, the Athletic Department, the Department of Art and Art History , the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services, and, obviously, the Daily Nebraskan. Someday, I might be an architect and I might earn the contract for a newspaper office or ecology laboratory because of what I learned working a job that, on the surface, was unrelated to my career.

“Never let your schooling interfere with your education,” said Mark Twain. Don’t become discouraged and don’t allow anyone to make you feel like an idiot just because you don’t have all the answers. If we already knew it all, we wouldn’t have to go to school.

The only reason I made it to graduate school was acceptance that I would spend a lot of time being dazed and confused and that was OK. Even if you don’t understand the purpose of the hoops, sometimes it’s useful to play the trained poodle just to see why they are holding them up.

Don’t believe anyone who tells you that your education should be your number one priority. Breathing should be your number one priority, followed closely by eating and sleeping. Not being homeless is also on that list above education. Your education is a tool. Even if your ultimate intention is to become a professor and live in the ivory tower, your goals must be greater than merely graduating. A piece of paper, no matter how ornate, makes for poor motivation.

Personally, my highest priority (after breathing, eating, etc.) is to help people. I believe I can best do that by using my skills to build a better world, in the most literal sense, for which I need this education. You need to discover what motivates you and where you can best use your skills to achieve that goal.

That being said, maintaining balance in your life between education, work and society is important. Blowing off all your friends for study time, besides being horribly dull, is also strategically ill-advised. I guarantee one of those friends is going to help you find a job someday where you can put this hard-earned education to work. So go out and have fun, but be smart about it.

Travel. You will learn more in one week spent abroad than one month spent in senior-level classes.

Hang in there until you get to the senior level classes. I don’t care what anyone says, grad school is easier. It is a lot of work, yes, but it is also your work, not some professor’s idea of make work. The further you go, the easier it gets not only because you’ve learned how to handle it, but because you get to spend your time working on what truly interests you, and that’s a great motivation.

That being said, learn how to type really well, buy a laptop, cancel your cable television, learn your way around the library and the online journal article finders, never underestimate Wikipedia as a great starting point, site sources correctly, make friends with your TA’s, never take a professor’s criticism personally and never, ever, ever plagiarize.

The most important advice I could offer you is to make up your own mind. It doesn’t matter what the subject is or how well respected the speaker. If you don’t question, even if you conclude something to be true, you won’t learn why it is true or why other people think it is true. Never take anything anyone tells you merely on faith.

Including everything I just said.

Monica Sanford is a third year graduate student of Architecture and Community and Regional Planning. Reach her at monicasanford@dailynebraskan.com.

Tuesday, June 2, 2009

Mother & Child Day

Mongolia has a wonderful tradition: Mother & Child Day. It makes so much sense, to be a mother you have to have children and every child has a mother. Kind of an all inclusive holiday. And it's a national holiday. And for us, it also signals the start of summer.
As part of the festivities, the center participated in lots of activities. Daria took a load of goodies for the guys at the maximum security prison. Then, Davaa and I went to a very small neighborhood office which was a small government center with the police, social services and a medical clinic in one of the huge apartment blocks. They collected about a dozen women's names for us to help on Mother & Child Day. Only about five showed up, but we left bags of food and other items to be delivered to the others.

Davaa handing out bags

The first woman to arrive was 76. She had no family, so kids at the neighborhood high school had adopted her and had helped her throughout the year. She was heading to the schools graduation to thank all those who had helped her. It was wonderful to let us help her too.

Lookin' pretty smart

That took care of 'mothers' so next we went to an orphanage for the 'children'. Both the Shedrup Ling Center and the Dolma Ling Center have been trying to help a nearby orphanage this last year but this was my first visit. Housing about 150 kids ranging from about 4 years old to 18, it seemed a cheery place when you walked down the halls. But when the current director showed up at it's doors four years ago, it was a different story. There were guards at all the doors and the windows were barred and three kids had killed while residents in the year before. He said it seemed like an impossible task, to take over a place like that. What to do first? But what he accomplished was nothing short of a miracle. The guards and jail-like bars were gone, and in it's place was a warm open-arm kind of place that seemed far away from any institutional setting.

The kids all showed up at the auditorium, girls on one side and boys on the other. What stuck in your mind was how well behaved these kids were, and how they took care of each other, especially the little ones. Up first was a little entertainment Davaa and Munguu had arranged, a band of students from the cultural college.

The girls looking after a few of the youngest boys

The bands opening number

After the band played, Venerable Gyatso got up to say a few words to the children. He to had been so overjoyed to see how the kids took care of each other, just like a family. And in a culture where family is the central part of everyone's life, these kids had no one but each other. It was wonderful to see how happy they were.

Gyatso addresses the kids while Davaa translates

Then, to our surprise, a few of the children got up to sing for us.

One little girl singing her heart out

And then, kids being the same the world over, they love getting presents. Both Shedrup Ling Center and Dolma Ling Community Center had brought things for all the children. Each child was given a pair of sandals, a pair of socks, candy, and Roy passed out stuffed teddy bears that his mother had sent to the youngest ones. And other than a few kids asking for a different size or color or shoes, every child was well behaved and happy with what they got.

Her hands are almost too small for everything

Roy passing out stuffed toys

Trying on his new sandals

The children singing for us

By the end, all of us were exhausted. It was late so you could see some of the littlest ones had already fallen asleep and taken to their rooms. About 9pm, we said our goodbyes and headed home. A wonderful end of the day.

Tuesday, May 26, 2009

New President Elected in Mongolia

Sunday was especially quiet, even with the wonderful weather. The reason was it was election day.

Harvard graduate Elbegdorj Tsahia wins Mongolian election

by Zeev Rozen (Reuters)

From remote grasslands to the heart of the capital, Mongolians cast their ballots on Sunday to elect a new president
Mongolia has a new president. A man who has already served twice as prime minister, the US-educated opposition candidate defeated the incumbent who attended university in Britain in a close-run fight.

The presidential election in the huge country, with a population of just three million scattered across an area more than twice the size of France, means the Democratic Party candidate will take over the largely ceremonial post from the ex-communist Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party leader.

Results were still trickling in from remote gers and nomad settlements, but an official count gave Elbegdorj Tsahia, a graduate of Harvard, a lead of about 53.7 per cent over the incumbent, Nambaryn Enkhbayar, who attended Leeds University and translated Charles Dickens into Mongolian. The winner had campaigned on a theme of change and anti-corruption that appealed to urban voters.

The capital, Ulaanbaator, was quiet as President Enkhbayar conceded defeat, a year after disputed general elections set off rioting in which five people were killed and 300 injured. Officials appeared anxious to avoid a renewed outbreak of violence amid allegations of vote-rigging.

Bayar Sanjaa, an official with President Enkhbayar’s party, congratulated Elbegdorj:“We believe the election was conducted fairly. We accept the election result.” When Elbegdorj's Democrats lost in parliamentary elections last year, he alleged voting fraud by election committees, which are dominated by the ruling party. The vodka-fueled riot that followed was the worst outbreak of political violence since the 1990 overthrow of communism in the landlocked state, squeezed between Russia and China.

Sunday, May 24, 2009

New film about FPMT Mongolia

Just wanted to announce a new film that one of our volunteers, Egle, put together about FPMT Mongolia. It is a great documentary. She still needs to add titles/credits and add the Mongolian translation, but what she has done so far is nothing short of remarkable. Below is a three-minute condensed version she put together for CPMT, the gathering of FPMT International held in Lavour France last month. You might recognize the voice over as yours truly, Jim bagsh. [smile]

We're hoping to have a 'world premiere' of the full 25-minute documentary sometime before Nadaan, and before it is aired on Education TV here in Mongolia. So, look for your invitations in your mailbox soon.

Thursday, May 21, 2009

Mongolian Volunteer Organizations

Need something to do that really makes a difference? VOLUNTEER!

Below is a list of Mongolian Volunteer Organizations.

Give them a call or check their website for email information

website: contact details for the members

name / website = phone

Adolescents' Development Centre = (976-11) 324433

Amnesty International Mongolia = (976-11) 324705

Centre Against Child Abuse = (976-70) 116761

Darkhan Health Department = (+976) 99408702

Dayartugs NGO = (976-11) 330236

Democracy Education Centre / DEMO = (976 11) 310560

ECPAT = (976-11) 324333

Ethics and Motherland Association = (976-11) 312759

Institute for Future = (976-11) 310013

Liberal Women's Brain Pool = (976-11) 319774

Mongolian Association of Medical Social Workers = 99009877

Mongolian Blood Donors Association = (976-11) 454281

Mongolian Federation of Disabled People = (976-11) 369071

Mongolian Men's Association = (976-11) 323502

Mongolian Red Cross Society = (976-11) 320934

Mongolian Scouts Federation = (976-11) 324171

Mongolian Students Association = (976-11) 70115111

Mongolian Youth Federation = (976-11) 326336

National AIDS Foundation = (976-11) 321659

National Centre Against Violence = (976-11) 329850

Service for Peace Mongolia = (976-11) 345649

Social Welfare and Cooperation Foundation = (976-11) 319895

Tolgoit NGO = 50153786

United Nations Volunteers / UNV = (976-11) 325911

United Nations Youth Committee = ?

Voluntary Service Overseas / VSO Mongolia = (976-11) 318514

Wheelchair Users' Association = 99834457

Window to Development = (+976) 99749602

Friday, May 15, 2009

Certificate Party for Jim's classes

Well, another semester has finished. In my short, very short speech to my English students at their Certificate Party was that I was so grateful for having them as students. It was by far an easier semester than my first one, but I still think it was because of my students enthusiasm and participation more than me finally figuring out what to do in front of a classroom. [smile]

Teachers are treated special in Mongolia and I hope I can live up to their generosity. My students gave me not one, not two, but three new 'morin huur' instruments (the national musical instrument), a map of Mongolia and a thermos for my trips to the countryside, and a Mongolian chess set to wile away the hours under the big sky. And there was enough cake and sweets to put a truckload of diabetics into a sugar coma. [smile] To my students, thank you, thank you, thank you.

Below are pictures from the party which turned out so big, I had to use two classrooms.

Intermediate-2 students showing off their certificates

Some of my Intermediate-1 students

More Intermediate-1 students with certificates

Watch out! It might explode!

Eegii playing the morin huur

With some of my Pre-Intermediate-2B students

With some of my Pre-Intermediate-2A students

With some of my Intermediate-2 students

Sunday, April 26, 2009

Earth Day - April 22

Sunday, April 12, 2009

Be Kind Day 31 March

Well, we had our first "Be Kind Day" here in Ulaanbaatar on March 31st, 2009 and despite being planned at the last minute, surpassed all of our expectations.

A few of us at Shendrup Ling, an FPMT Buddhist Meditation Center, decided to involve children and young people of various ages for the events. The idea was "Let's see how kids express kindness through drawing, crafts and writing." Posters were translated into Mongolian and we placed them in several area schools, including an orphanage.

As our deadline approached, the staff were almost overwhelmed with submissions. There were over 130 entries. Children age of 7-10 years sent in drawings, while 11-15 year old kids did paper crafts. The teenagers, 15-18, wrote essays about their thoughts on kindness.

As can be imagined, selecting the best works from so many was quite intense for the staff. Ten year old Enkhtushig's drawing expressed that caring and giving support were ways to be kind. He also described that kindness for him meant being with his family. The winner of paper crafts described the traditional living style of Mongolians and how families support each other. Over half of the entries came from orphanage children. The winner of essay competition S.Enkhbulgan wrote that “kindness is a language which the deaf can hear and the dumb can speak” and further said that “kindness exits in the very deep in our hearts and it is shapeless, colorless and it doesn’t have any smell. That’s why kindness can be only expressed by ones’ actions and speech”. She has been living in an orphanage for many years but the strength and warmth of her words show she knows kindness both as a receiver and giver.

A little song and dance

A skit about Kindness

Just a few of the kids art

Showing the best drawing

Enkhbulgan reads her essay

Davaa & Glenda at the orphanage

A little girl reciting poetry

Glenda with our bilingual poster

For several weeks in April, some of the many drawings, paper crafts and essays were on public display at 'The Stupa Cafe' in Ulaanbaatar.

We are already planning to make next year even bigger, including all of Mongolia this time.

Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Questions or Comments?